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Articles by R Ranjan
Total Records ( 2 ) for R Ranjan
  B Asthana , P Sharma , R Ranjan , P Jain , A Aravindan , P Chandra Mishra and R. Saxena

Bleeding disorders constitute a large proportion of referrals to hematology departments. Worldwide, acquired causes of bleeding are commoner than inherited ones. To identify the spectrum of these disorders, we evaluated all referrals for bleeding encountered in this tertiary care centre over a one-year period. Of the total 1342 cases, 1040 (77.5%) had underlying exclusively acquired causes, whereas inherited causes constituted 302 cases (22.5%). Amongst acquired causes, disseminated intravascular coagulation was seen in 297 (28.6%), hepatic coagulopathy in 218 (20.9%), neurosurgical causes (intracranial bleeds) in 154 (14.8%), malignancy in 89 (8.6%), and miscellaneous multiple acquired causes including those due to anticoagulant drug overdose in 282 patients (27.1%). Referrals for isolated prolonged prothrombin time or thrombocytopenia were common, but were excluded from this study because not all presented with bleeding. Prompt laboratory work-up and precise identification of acquired causes of bleeding is the key to planning appropriate patient management including transfusion support.

  Mohammed Suhail Akhter , R Ranjan , A Meena , Birendra Kumar Yadav and R. Saxena

Introduction: A number of prothrombotic and fibrinolytic disorders may lead to venous thrombosis. A 4G/5G polymorphism located in the promoter region of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene has been found to be commonly associated with the levels of PAI-1 and might be a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The aim of this study was to look for the potential association of this polymorphism with DVT in the Asian Indian population. Material and methods: A total of 110 consecutive patients (M:F = 62:48) with idiopathic DVT and equal number of age- and sex-matched healthy controls were the study participants. All study participants were typed for the PAI-1 4G/ 5G polymorphism, factor V Leiden, factor V Hong Kong/Cambridge mutations, and HR2 haplotype. Result: The variant allele for the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism showed both genotypic (P = .0013, 2 = 10.303; odds ratio [OR] = 3.75) as well as allelic association (P = .0004, 2 = 12.273; OR = 1.99) with DVT. Factor V Leiden and factor V HR2 haplotype were observed in 10 (9.0%) and 13 (11.8%) patients, respectively. None of the study participants showed the factor V Hong Kong Cambridge mutations. Conclusion: Our study shows the association of 4G allele with DVT in Asian Indian population. The higher prevalence of 4G polymorphism in patients with DVT (compared with controls) seen in our study is in concordance with previous reports from the Caucasian population.

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