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Articles by R Morishita
Total Records ( 3 ) for R Morishita
  H Hayashi , H Nakagami , Y Takami , H Koriyama , M Mori , K Tamai , J Sun , K Nagao , R Morishita and Y. Kaneda
 

Objective— In the functional screening of a human heart cDNA library to identify a novel antiangiogenic factor, the prime candidate gene was "four-and-a-half LIM only protein-2" (FHL-2). The goal of this study is to clear the mechanism of antiangiogenic signaling of FHL-2 in endothelial cells (ECs).

Methods and Results— Overexpressed FHL-2 strongly inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced EC migration. In the angiogenic signaling, we focused on sphingosine kinase-1 (SK1), which produces sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive sphingolipid, as a potent angiogenic mediator in ECs. Immunoprecipitation and immunostaining analysis showed that FHL-2 might bind to SK1. Importantly, overexpression of FHL-2 in ECs inhibited VEGF-induced SK1 activity, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity, and phosphorylation of Akt and eNOS. In contrast, overexpression of FHL-2 had no effect on S1P-induced Akt phosphorylation. Interestingly, VEGF stimulation decreased the binding of FHL-2 and SK1. Depletion of FHL-2 by siRNA increased EC migration accompanied with SK1 and Akt activation, and increased the expression of VEGF receptor-2 which further enhanced VEGF signaling. Furthermore, injection of FHL-2 mRNA into Xenopus embryos resulted in inhibition of vascular network development, assessed by in situ hybridization with endothelial markers.

Conclusions— FHL-2 may regulate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt via direct suppression of the SK1-S1P pathway in ECs.

  T Aoki , H Kataoka , R Ishibashi , K Nozaki , R Morishita and N. Hashimoto
 

Background— Reduced extracellular matrix is a prominent feature of cerebral aneurysms (CAs). We previously reported excessive ECM degradation in CA walls. In the present study, we examined collagen biosynthesis in CA walls and the molecular mechanisms underlying it in CA progression.

Methods and Results— RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry showed reduced expression of procollagen type I, III, and lysyl oxidase (LOX) in CA walls. Treatment with the LOX inhibitor β-aminopropionitrile resulted in enhanced progression of CA. Expression of procollagen type I, III, and LOX was inhibited by interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) in vitro. Nuclear factor -B (NF-B) was activated in IL-1β-stimulated RASMCs, and treatment with NF-B decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) restored reduced expression of procollagen type I, III, and LOX in vitro. NF-B decoy ODNs ameliorated the expression of procollagen type I, III, and LOX in CA walls in vivo.

Conclusions— Collagen biosynthesis was significantly inhibited at the transcriptional level and in the posttranscriptional enzymatic modification in CA walls through upregulated expression of IL-1β and the NF-B pathway. Reduced collagen biosynthesis may contribute to CA progression, and inhibition of this process may lead to the prevention of the progression and rupture of CAs.

  M. S Kim , C. S Lee , J Hur , H. J Cho , S. I Jun , T. Y Kim , S. W Lee , J. W Suh , K. W Park , H. Y Lee , H. J Kang , D. S Lee , G. Y Koh , H Nakagami , R Morishita , Y. B Park and H. S. Kim
 

Background— The low engraftment rate of stem/progenitor cells infused via the intracoronary route to the ischemic myocardium is one of the most important factors limiting the efficacy of cell therapy. We investigated the concept of priming peripheral blood stem cells enriched by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor mobilization and apheresis (mobPBSCs) with angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), to enhance the engraftment into the ischemic tissue and neovasculogenic potential.

Methods and Results— The expression of Tie2, the Ang1 receptor, was significantly higher in mobPBSCs than naïve peripheral blood mononuclear cells (19.2±3.0% versus 1.2±0.8% versus 1.2±0.2%; P<0.001 for mobPBSCs from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor treatment for 3 days versus peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AMI patients versus peripheral blood mononuclear cells from stable angina patients). After 4 hours of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)-Ang1 stimulation, mobPBSCs committed to the endothelial lineage with the induction of CD31 and VE-cadherin expression, mediated by Tie2/Ets-1 pathway. Priming of mobPBSCs with COMP-Ang1 induced the expression of 4β1 and 5β1 integrins, which are also Ets-1 downstream molecules, leading to enhanced adhesion to endothelial cells or fibronectin. In a rabbit ear ischemia/reperfusion model, priming of mobPBSCs with COMP-Ang1 improved first-pass engraftment to the distal vascular bed after intraarterial delivery. In a murine ischemic hind-limb model, intravascular delivery of primed mobPBSCs enhanced both engraftment and neovascularization.

Conclusions— The short-term priming with COMP-Ang1 may be a feasible and promising option to activate mobPBSCs by enhancing differentiation and adhesiveness and to improve the efficacy of cell therapy for ischemic diseases.

 
 
 
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