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Articles by R Evers
Total Records ( 3 ) for R Evers
  P. V Johnston , T Sasano , K Mills , R Evers , S. T Lee , R. R Smith , A. C Lardo , S Lai , C Steenbergen , G Gerstenblith , R Lange and E. Marban
 

Background— Cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) isolated from human endomyocardial biopsies reduce infarct size and improve cardiac function in mice. Safety and efficacy testing in large animals is necessary for clinical translation.

Methods and Results— Mesenchymal stem cells, which resemble CDCs in size and thrombogenicity, have been associated with infarction after intracoronary infusion. To maximize CDC engraftment while avoiding infarction, we optimized the infusion protocol in 19 healthy pigs. A modified cocktail of CDCs in calcium-free PBS, 100 U/mL of heparin, and 250 µg/mL of nitroglycerin eliminated infusion-related infarction. Subsequent infusion experiments in 17 pigs with postinfarct left ventricular dysfunction showed CDC doses ≥107 but <2.5x107 result in new myocardial tissue formation without infarction. In a pivotal randomized study, 7 infarcted pigs received 300 000 CDCs/kg (107 total) and 7 received placebo (vehicle alone). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging 8 weeks later showed CDC treatment decreased relative infarct size (19.2% to 14.2% of left ventricle infarcted, P=0.01), whereas placebo did not (17.7% to 15.3%, P=0.22). End-diastolic volume increased in placebo, but not in CDC-treated animals. Hemodynamically, the rate of pressure change (dP/dt) maximum and dP/dt minimum were significantly better with CDC infusion. There was no difference between groups in the ability to induce ventricular tachycardia, nor was there any tumor or ectopic tissue formation.

Conclusions— Intracoronary delivery of CDCs in a preclinical model of postinfarct left ventricular dysfunction results in formation of new cardiac tissue, reduces relative infarct size, attenuates adverse remodeling, and improves hemodynamics. The evidence of efficacy without obvious safety concerns at 8 weeks of follow-up motivates human studies in patients after myocardial infarction and in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy.

  V Chu , H. J Einolf , R Evers , G Kumar , D Moore , S Ripp , J Silva , V Sinha , M Sinz and A. Skerjanec
 

Cytochrome P450 (P450) induction is one of the factors that can affect the pharmacokinetics of a drug molecule upon multiple dosing, and it can result in pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions with coadministered drugs causing potential therapeutic failures. In recent years, various in vitro assays have been developed and used routinely to assess the potential for drug-drug interactions due to P450 induction. There is a desire from the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory agencies to harmonize assay methodologies, data interpretation, and the design of clinical drug-drug interaction studies. In this article, a team of 10 scientists from nine Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) member companies conducted an anonymous survey among PhRMA companies to query current practices with regards to the conduct of in vitro induction assays, data interpretation, and clinical induction study practices. The results of the survey are presented in this article, along with reviews of current methodologies of in vitro assays and in vivo studies, including modeling efforts in this area. A consensus recommendation regarding common practices for the conduct of P450 induction studies is included.

  V Chu , H. J Einolf , R Evers , G Kumar , D Moore , S Ripp , J Silva , V Sinha , M Sinz and A. Skerjanec
 

Cytochrome P450 (P450) induction is one of the factors that can affect the pharmacokinetics of a drug molecule upon multiple dosing, and it can result in pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions with coadministered drugs causing potential therapeutic failures. In recent years, various in vitro assays have been developed and used routinely to assess the potential for drug-drug interactions due to P450 induction. There is a desire from the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory agencies to harmonize assay methodologies, data interpretation, and the design of clinical drug-drug interaction studies. In this article, a team of 10 scientists from nine Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) member companies conducted an anonymous survey among PhRMA companies to query current practices with regards to the conduct of in vitro induction assays, data interpretation, and clinical induction study practices. The results of the survey are presented in this article, along with reviews of current methodologies of in vitro assays and in vivo studies, including modeling efforts in this area. A consensus recommendation regarding common practices for the conduct of P450 induction studies is included.

 
 
 
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