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Articles by R Caccavello
Total Records ( 1 ) for R Caccavello
  A Gugliucci , K Kotani , E Kinugasa , R Hermo , R Caccavello and S. Kimura

Studies regarding aspirin metabolism can be important in patients with renal failure who have an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. We undertook this study to assess the aspirin esterase (AE) status in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients.


A total of 42 patients on long-term haemodialysis (HD) with a mean dialysis course of 6.1 y were recruited.


Serum AE levels were 44% lower and cholinesterase (ChE) levels were 22% lower in ESRD patients before dialysis as compared with control subjects (P = 0.0001). A very strong correlation was found between AE and ChE levels. AE levels increased on average 28% after dialysis with adjustments for age, gender, total cholesterol, triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.002). In addition, ChE levels were significantly increased (48%) after dialysis (P = 0.0001). Changes in AE activity were significantly and positively correlated with those of ChE (r = 0.427, P = 0.005). When we adjusted for several confounders, we found that the changes in AE activity operated by dialysis are significant independently of age, gender, aspirin (ASA) intake, cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and ChE.


We report that serum AE activity is significantly lower in ESRD and that treatment by HD results in an increase of activity. We confirm that AE is associated with lipid parameters and ChE. Our results show variations in ASA catabolism between the dialysis sessions, suggesting an oscillating pattern in ASA disposal in these patients. The mechanisms for reduced AE activity in uraemia and the effects of HD need further investigation.

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