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Articles by Qi-Wei HUANG
Total Records ( 2 ) for Qi-Wei HUANG
  Yao-Hong ZHANG , Jian-Bo FAN , Ya-Li ZHANG , Dong-Sheng WANG , Qi-Wei HUANG and Qi-Rong SHEN
  Developing high-yielding rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars depends on having a better understanding of nitrogen (N) accumulation and translocation to the ear during the reproductive stage. Field experiments were carried out to evaluate the genetic variation for N accumulation and translocation in different Japonica rice cultivars at different N rates and to identify any relationship to grain yield in southeast China. Four Japonica cultivars with similar agronomic characteristics were grown at two experimental sites in 2004 with three N rates of 0, 60, and 180 kg N ha−1. Dry weights and N contents of rice plants were measured at tillering, initiation, anthesis, and maturity. Grain yields exhibited significant differences (P < 0.05) among the cultivars and N application rates. Increasing N rates improved N uptake at anthesis and maturity in all four cultivars (P < 0.05). N translocation from vegetative organs to the grains increased with enhanced N rates (P < 0.05). N translocation to the grains ranged from 9 to 64 kg N ha−1 and N-translocation effciency from 33% to 68%. Grain yield was linear to N uptake at anthesis (r2 = 0.78**) and N translocation (r2 = 0.67**). Thus, cultivars with a high N uptake at anthesis, low residual N in the straw at maturity, and appropriate low N fertilizer supply in southeast China should effciently increase N-recovery rate while maintaining grain yield and soil fertility.
  Bo WANG , Tao LAI , Qi-Wei HUANG , Xing-Ming YANG and Qi-Rong SHEN
  Endogenous hormones play an important role in the growth and development of roots. The objective of this research was to study the effect of four types of N fertilizers on the root growth of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duchesne) and the endogenous enzymes of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), abscisic acid (ABA), and isopentenyl adenosine (iPA) in its roots and leaves using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Application of all types of N fertilizers significantly depressed (P ≤ 0.05) root growth at 20 d after transplanting. Application of organic-inorganic fertilizer (OIF) as basal fertilizer had a significant negative effect (P ≤0.05) on root growth. The application of OIF and urea lowered the lateral root frequency in strawberry plants at 60 d (P ≤0.05) compared with the application of two organic fertilizers (OFA and OFB) and the control (CK). With the fertilizer treatments, there were the same concentrations of IAA and ABA in both roots and leaves at the initial growth stage (20 d), lower levels of IAA and ABA at the later stage (60 d), and higher iPA levels at all seedling stages as compared to those of CK. Thus, changes in the concentrations of endogenous phytohormones in strawberry plants could be responsible for the morphological changes of roots due to fertilization.
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