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Articles by Q Pan
Total Records ( 2 ) for Q Pan
  J. L Wang , X Yang , K Xia , Z. M Hu , L Weng , X Jin , H Jiang , P Zhang , L Shen , J Feng Guo , N li , Y. R Li , L. F Lei , J Zhou , J Du , Y. F Zhou , Q Pan , J Wang , R. Q Li and B. S. Tang
 

Autosomal-dominant spinocerebellar ataxias constitute a large, heterogeneous group of progressive neurodegenerative diseases with multiple types. To date, classical genetic studies have revealed 31 distinct genetic forms of spinocerebellar ataxias and identified 19 causative genes. Traditional positional cloning strategies, however, have limitations for finding causative genes of rare Mendelian disorders. Here, we used a combined strategy of exome sequencing and linkage analysis to identify a novel spinocerebellar ataxia causative gene, TGM6. We sequenced the whole exome of four patients in a Chinese four-generation spinocerebellar ataxia family and identified a missense mutation, c.1550T–G transition (L517W), in exon 10 of TGM6. This change is at a highly conserved position, is predicted to have a functional impact, and completely cosegregated with the phenotype. The exome results were validated using linkage analysis. The mutation we identified using exome sequencing was located in the same region (20p13–12.2) as that identified by linkage analysis, which cross-validated TGM6 as the causative spinocerebellar ataxia gene in this family. We also showed that the causative gene could be mapped by a combined method of linkage analysis and sequencing of one sample from the family. We further confirmed our finding by identifying another missense mutation c.980A–G transition (D327G) in exon seven of TGM6 in an additional spinocerebellar ataxia family, which also cosegregated with the phenotype. Both mutations were absent in 500 normal unaffected individuals of matched geographical ancestry. The finding of TGM6 as a novel causative gene of spinocerebellar ataxia illustrates whole-exome sequencing of affected individuals from one family as an effective and cost efficient method for mapping genes of rare Mendelian disorders and the use of linkage analysis and exome sequencing for further improving efficiency.

  Q Pan , X Luo and N. Chegini
 

Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-21, and alteration of their target genes stability have been associated with cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. We investigated the expression, regulation and function of miR-21 in leiomyomas which develop from myometrial cellular transformation. The results indicated that miR-21 is over-expressed in leiomyomas with specific elevation during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle and in women who received Depo-Provera and oral contraceptives, but reduced due to GnRHa therapy (P < 0.05). Bioinformatic analysis of microarray gene expression profiles previously obtained from the above cohorts, and myometrial smooth muscle cells (MSMC) and leiomyoma smooth muscle cells (LSMC) treated with GnRHa, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and TGF-β receptor type II (TGF-βRII) antisense oligomer, indicated that a number of miR-21-predicted target genes were co-expressed and differentially regulated in these cohorts. Gain- and loss-of-function of miR-21 in MSMC, LSMC, transformed LSMC and leiomyosarcoma cell line (SKLM-S1) resulted in differential expression of many genes, including some of the miR-21-predicted/validated target genes, PTEN, PDCD4 and E2F1, and TGF-βRII, in a cell-specific manner. Gain-of miR-21 function in MSMC and LSMC reduced TGF-β-induced expression of fibromodulin and TGF-β-induced factor (P < 0.05), and moderately altered the rate of cell growth and caspase-3/7 activity in these cells. We concluded that miR-21 is aberrantly expressed and hormonally regulated in leiomyomas where, through functional interaction with ovarian steroids and the TGF-β signaling pathway, either directly or indirectly regulates a number of genes whose products are critical in leiomyoma growth and regression as well as their potential cellular transformation.

 
 
 
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