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Articles by Q Lu
Total Records ( 3 ) for Q Lu
  Y Cheng , X Liu , J Yang , Y Lin , D. Z Xu , Q Lu , E. A Deitch , Y Huo , E. S Delphin and C. Zhang
 

Phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of a variety of proliferative vascular diseases. Recently, we have found that microRNA (miRNA) miR-145 is the most abundant miRNA in normal vascular walls and in freshly isolated VSMCs; however, the role of miR-145 in VSMC phenotypic modulation and vascular diseases is currently unknown. Here we find that miR-145 is selectively expressed in VSMCs of the vascular wall and its expression is significantly downregulated in the vascular walls with neointimal lesion formation and in cultured dedifferentiated VSMCs. More importantly, both in cultured rat VSMCs in vitro and in balloon-injured rat carotid arteries in vivo, we demonstrate that the noncoding RNA miR-145 is a novel phenotypic marker and a novel phenotypic modulator of VSMCs. VSMC differentiation marker genes such as SM -actin, calponin, and SM-MHC are upregulated by premiR-145 or adenovirus expressing miR-145 (Ad-miR-145) but are downregulated by the miR-145 inhibitor 2'OMe-miR-145. We have further identified that miR-145-mediated phenotypic modulation of VSMCs is through its target gene KLF5 and its downstream signaling molecule, myocardin. Finally, restoration of miR-145 in balloon-injured arteries via Ad-miR-145 inhibits neointimal growth. We conclude that miR-145 is a novel VSMC phenotypic marker and modulator that is able of controlling vascular neointimal lesion formation. These novel findings may have extensive implications for the diagnosis and therapy of a variety of proliferative vascular diseases.

  Q Lu , P. R Senthilan , T Effertz , B Nadrowski and M. C. Gopfert
 

Apart from detecting sounds, vertebrate ears occasionally produce sounds. These spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are the most compelling evidence for the existence of the cochlear amplifier, an active force-generating process within the cochlea that resides in the motility of the hair cells. Insects have neither a cochlea nor hair cells, yet recent studies demonstrate that an active process that is equivalent to the cochlear amplifier occurs in at least some insect ears; like hair cells, the chordotonal sensory neurons that mediate hearing in Drosophila actively generate forces that augment the minute vibrations they transduce. This neuron-based force-generation, its impact on the ear's macroscopic performance, and the underlying molecular mechanism are the topics of this article, which summarizes some of the recent findings on how the Drosophila organ of hearing works. Functional parallels with vertebrate auditory systems are described that recommend the fly for the study of fundamental processes in hearing.

 
 
 
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