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Articles by Q He
Total Records ( 3 ) for Q He
  J Luan , J Yuan , X Li , S Jin , L Yu , M Liao , H Zhang , C Xu , Q He , B Wen , X Zhong , X Chen , H. L.Y Chan , J. J.Y Sung , B Zhou and C. Ding

Background: Variations in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome may develop spontaneously or under selective pressure from antiviral therapy. Such variations may confer drug resistance or affect virus replication capacity, resulting in failure of antiviral therapy.

Methods: A duplex PCR was used to amplify the region of the reverse transcriptase gene, the precore promoter, and the basal core promoter of the HBV genome. Four multiplex primer-extension reactions were used to interrogate 60 frequently observed HBV variants during antiviral therapy. Automated MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) was used for mutation detection. Capillary sequencing was used to confirm the MS results.

Results: The limit of quantification was 1000 HBV copies/mL for multiplex detection of HBV variants. Fifty-three variants (88.3%) were analyzed successfully in at least 90% of the sera from 88 treatment-naive patients and 80 patients with virologic breakthrough. MS was able to detect twice as many minor variants as direct sequencing while achieving close to full automation. MS and direct sequencing showed only 0.1% discordance in variant calls.

Conclusions: This platform based on multiplex primer extension and MALDI-TOF MS was able to detect 60 HBV variants in 4 multiplex reactions with accuracy and low detection limits.

  Q He , S Heshka , J Albu , L Boxt , N Krasnow , M Elia and D. Gallagher

Autopsy/cadaver data indicate that many organs and tissues are smaller in the elderly compared with young adults; however, in vivo data are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether the mass of specific high-metabolic-rate organs is different with increasing age, using MRI. Seventy-five healthy women (41 African-Americans and 34 Caucasians, age range 19–88 yr) and 36 men (8 African-Americans and 28 Caucasians, age range 19–84 yr) were studied. MRI-derived in vivo measures of brain, heart, kidneys, liver, and spleen were acquired. Left ventricular mass (LVM) was measured by either echocardiography or cardiac gated MRI. Total body fat mass and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured with a whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner. Multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the organ mass and age after adjustment for weight and height (or DXA measures of FFM), race, sex, and interactions among these variable. No statistically significant interaction was found among age, sex, and race in any regression model. Significant negative relationships between organ mass and age were found for brain (P < 0.0001), kidneys (P = 0.01), liver (P = 0.001), and spleen (P < 0.0001). A positive relationship between LVM and age was found after adjustment for FFM (P = 0.037). These findings demonstrate that age has a significant effect on brain, kidneys, liver, spleen, and heart mass. The age effect was independent of race and sex.

  M Deng , R Kleinert , H Huang , Q He , F Madrahimova , O Dirsch and U. Dahmen

Quantification of liver regeneration is frequently based on determining the 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine labeling index (BrdU-LI). The quantitative result is influenced by preanalytical, analytical, and postanalytical variables such as the region of interest (ROI). We aimed to present our newly developed and validated automatic computer-based image analysis system (AnalySIS-Macro), and to standardize the selection and sample size of ROIs. Images from BrdU-labeled and immunohistochemically stained liver sections were analyzed conventionally and with the newly developed AnalySIS-Macro and used for validation of the system. Automatic quantification correlated well with the manual counting result (r=0.9976). Validation of our AnalySIS-Macro revealed its high sensitivity (>90%) and specificity. The BrdU-LI ranged from 11% to 57% within the same liver (32.96 ± 11.94%), reflecting the highly variable spatial distribution of hepatocyte proliferation. At least 2000 hepatocytes (10 images at 200x magnification) per lobe were required as sample size for achieving a representative BrdU-LI. Furthermore, the number of pericentral areas should be equal to that of periportal areas. The combination of our AnalySIS-Macro with rules for the selection and size of ROIs represents an accurate, sensitive, specific, and efficient diagnostic tool for the determination of the BrdU-LI and the spatial distribution of proliferating hepatocytes. (J Histochem Cytochem 57:1075–1085, 2009)

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