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Articles by Q Fu
Total Records ( 3 ) for Q Fu
  P Matt , F Schoenhoff , J Habashi , T Holm , C Van Erp , D Loch , O. D Carlson , B. F Griswold , Q Fu , J De Backer , B Loeys , D. L Huso , N. B McDonnell , J. E Van Eyk , H. C Dietz and the GenTAC Consortium
 

Background— Marfan syndrome (MFS) is caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene and dysregulation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). Recent evidence suggests that losartan, an angiotensin II type 1 blocker that blunts TGF-β activation, may be an effective treatment for MFS. We hypothesized that dysregulation of TGF-β might be mirrored in circulating TGF-β concentrations.

Methods and Results— Serum obtained from MFS mutant mice (Fbn1C1039G/+) treated with losartan was analyzed for circulating TGF-β1 concentrations and compared with those from placebo-treated and wild-type mice. Aortic root size was measured by echocardiography. Data were validated in patients with MFS and healthy individuals. In mice, circulating total TGF-β1 concentrations increased with age and were elevated in older untreated Fbn1C1039G/+ mice compared with wild-type mice (P=0.01; n=16; mean±SEM, 115±8 ng/mL versus n=17; mean±SEM, 92±4 ng/mL). Losartan-treated Fbn1C1039G/+ mice had lower total TGF-β1 concentrations compared with age-matched Fbn1C1039G/+ mice treated with placebo (P=0.01; n=18; 90±5 ng/mL), and circulating total TGF-β1 levels were indistinguishable from those of age-matched wild-type mice (P=0.8). Correlation was observed between circulating TGF-β1 levels and aortic root diameters in Fbn1C1039G/+ and wild-type mice (P=0.002). In humans, circulating total TGF-β1 concentrations were elevated in patients with MFS compared with control individuals (P<0.0001; n=53; 15±1.7 ng/mL versus n=74; 2.5±0.4 ng/mL). MFS patients treated with losartan (n=55) or β-blocker (n=80) showed significantly lower total TGF-β1 concentrations compared with untreated MFS patients (P≤0.05).

Conclusions— Circulating TGF-β1 concentrations are elevated in MFS and decrease after administration of losartan, β-blocker therapy, or both and therefore might serve as a prognostic and therapeutic marker in MFS.

  A Prasad , J. L Hastings , S Shibata , Z. B Popovic , A Arbab Zadeh , P. S Bhella , K Okazaki , Q Fu , M Berk , D Palmer , N. L Greenberg , M. J Garcia , J. D Thomas and B. D. Levine
  Background—

Congestive heart failure in the setting of a preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction is increasing in prevalence among the senior population. The underlying pathophysiologic abnormalities in ventricular function and structure remain unclear for this disorder. We hypothesized that patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) would have marked abnormalities in LV diastolic function with increased static diastolic stiffness and slowed myocardial relaxation compared with age-matched healthy controls.

Methods and Results—

Eleven highly screened patients (4 men, 7 women) aged 73±7 years with HFPEF were recruited to participate in this study. Thirteen sedentary healthy controls (7 men, 6 women) aged 70±4 years also were recruited. All subjects underwent pulmonary artery catheterization with measurement of cardiac output, end-diastolic volumes, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures at baseline; cardiac unloading (lower-body negative pressure or upright tilt); and cardiac loading (rapid saline infusion). The data were used to define the Frank-Starling and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relationships. Doppler echocardiographic data (tissue Doppler velocities, isovolumic relaxation time, propagation velocity of early mitral inflow , E/A-wave ratio) were obtained at each level of cardiac preload. Compared with healthy controls, patients with HFPEF had similar LV contractile function and static LV compliance but reduced LV chamber distensibility with elevated filling pressures and slower myocardial relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging.

Conclusions—

In this small, highly screened patient population with hemodynamically confirmed HFPEF, increased end-diastolic static ventricular stiffness relative to age-matched controls was not a universal finding. Nevertheless, patients with HFPEF, even when well compensated, had elevated filling pressures, reduced distensibility, and increased diastolic wall stress compared with controls. In contrast, LV relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler variables appeared consistently impaired in patients with HFPEF.

  Y Lin , Q Fu , J Zhu , J. M Miller and J. E. Van Eyk
  BACKGROUND:

With myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac troponin is released from the heart into circulation, where it can be detected with immunoassays independently quantifying cardiac troponin I (cTnI) or cTnT. There is, however, no single immunoassay that sequentially probes the posttranslational modification status of cTnI or directly characterizes whether circulating cTnI is bound to cTnC and/or cTnT. Here we describe the development of a qualitative immunoassay to directly probe the primary and ternary structure of circulating cTnI through diffractive optics technology (dotLab® System, Axela).

METHODS:

Anti-cTnI antibody 8I-7 was immobilized on a patterned sensor to capture cTnI. One or more detector antibodies were sequentially introduced to probe for amino acid sequence integrity or phosphorylation status of cTnI, or its association with cTnC and/or cTnT. Respective immunocaptures were recorded as real-time diffractive intensities (DIs), and the DI differences were analyzed. Each immunodetection was independent of the others but was done in a single sequential assay.

RESULTS:

This diffraction-based immunoassay successfully characterized cTnI. The unamplified assay determined whether cTnI was degraded at N-terminus and/or C-terminus or phosphorylated. Sequential application of multiple detector antibodies without an antibody-stripping step enables real-time interrogation of 5 different epitopes of cTnI, or direct detection of the cTn complex (cTnI–cTnC–cTnT) in a single sequential assay. Finally, this assay was optimized with amplification to directly detect circulating cTnI bound to cTnC and cTnT in serum from an MI patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

The dot® Immunoassay is the first qualitative sequential immunoassay to address the direct interactions of the troponin subunits and various modified forms of cTnI.

 
 
 
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