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Articles by Prosannajid Sarkar
Total Records ( 8 ) for Prosannajid Sarkar
  Prosannajid Sarkar
  This study mainly based on the secondary data. The study reveals that wide socio-demographic disparities in knowledge about HIV/AIDS within the population indicate that the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge might be much lower among some vulnerable populations (women, youth and unmarried persons) and those with low levels of education and media exposure. Media exposure has a statistically significant positive influence on correct knowledge of AIDS transmission and prevention, net of educational and occupational effects. TV was the most dominant media exposure than radio and news paper exposure. The most frequently routes of HIV/AIDS transmission was through unsafe blood transfusion. The correct knowledge of ways of prevention of HIV/AIDS was use of condoms during intercourse (51% urban population believes) and abstaining from sexual intercourse (51% rural population believes). Multivariate logistic analysis revealed that urban married women more likely to use knowledge about HIV/AIDS than rural married women.
  Prosannajid Sarkar
  Unintended pregnancies are a complex phenomenon in Bangladesh due to various factors. It is found that complex set of relationship exists among the various socioeconomic, cultural and demographic events, which slightly affect the fertility in Bangladesh and can provide us a preliminary idea of how important each variable is by itself. Result shows that women in Bangladesh a significant proportion of pregnancies were unintended and the level of unintended pregnancy was slightly higher among urban women as compared to rural women (32.80% versus 31.00%) according to the bivariate analysis. Findings need to be scientifically used in suitable programs addressing the case of fertility control in the developing countries as well as in Bangladesh.
  Prosannajid Sarkar
  The relationship between age at first birth and overall fertility in developing countries like Bangladesh is generally an underdeveloped area as far as demographic research is concerned. Fertility analysts generally assume that child bearing only occurs within marriage. Then they treat age at first marriage to be a major proximate determinant of fertility. Result shows that women in Bangladesh engage in sexual activities at an early age before 15 years and most use modern methods (43%) for birth control. Most of women use specific pills method. Islam religion has a more tendency to marry at age before 15 years. The incidence of primary sterility for formerly married women; it is increases as duration of marriage increase and for currently married women; it is decreases with increase in duration of marriage. Findings need to be scientifically used in suitable programs addressing the case of fertility control in the developing countries as well as in Bangladesh.
  K.M. Mustafizur Rahman and Prosannajid Sarkar
  Infant and child mortality rates reflect a country’s level of socio-economic development and quality of life and are used for monitoring and evaluating population and health programs and policies. This study examines the mortality of children under five using information from women’s birth histories pertaining to children born during the 10 years period before the survey by major divisions in Bangladesh, using data from the 1999-2000 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). Specifically, information is provided on levels, trends and differentials in neonatal, post-neonatal, infant and child mortality and assessing the effects of socio-economic, demographic and mother’s health-care characteristics on infant and child mortality. Mortality estimates are desegregated by urban-rural residence, division, mother’s education and antenatal care received and by selected demographic characteristics to identify segments of the population requiring special attention. This will help policy makers to formulate better policies in order to fight the current situation.
  K.M. Mustafizur Rahman and Prosannajid Sarkar
  Maternal health situation appears to be very poor in Bangladesh. Utilization of basic health services in Bangladesh has remained poor even though, there has been increasing public and private expenditure on the provision of advanced health care. The low utilization seems to be due to low levels of household income, high illiteracy and ignorance and a host of traditional factors. On the other hand, despite substantial public investments in health infrastructure the supply of such services continues to be inadequate and of poor quality. Over the last several decades maternal health care in Bangladesh has improved, but that condition is not satisfactory stage considerably compared to many other developing nations. However, for cultural and economic reasons, puerperal maternal health care has not received much attention when compared to the care provided during pregnancy. This may be attributed to the fact that although, the pregnant female is cared for, the attention is focused on the child, which the mother carries, rather than the mother. Although, the overall situations of maternal health care services in Bangladesh are increased after independent, but these are not better picture to reduce maternal mortality to reach the target of millennium development goal.
  Prosannajid Sarkar and K.M. Mustafizur Rahman
  Improvement of the reproductive health status of women in the third world is being considered as one of the most important goals of human and social development. Bangladesh has achieved health gains over the last decade of the 20th century. However, equivalent program has not been realized in the area of maternal health. Despite the presence of an impressive establishment of the health infrastructure in the country to date the maternal health situation remains poor. Even through, the most maternal deaths are avoidable if adequate preventive observed are taken. Increasing the proportion of maternal health care services is being advocated as an important step in preventing maternal death.
  Prosannajid Sarkar
  Adolescent fertility is a complex phenomenon in Bangladesh due to various factors. It is found that complex set of relationship exists among the various socio-economic, cultural and demographic events, which affect the fertility in Bangladesh and can provide us a preliminary idea of how important each variable is by itself. Result shows that more of teenage mothers come from rural areas of Bangladesh, where early and forced marriage is the ideal and marital fertility is high at 96.40% married at such adolescent age. Meanwhile, mean number of living children is gradually decreases as education level increase and pill is the most prepared contraception methods of young women for birth control. Findings need to be scientifically used in suitable programs addressing the case of fertility control in the developing countries as well as in Bangladesh.
  Prosannajid Sarkar , Golam Mostofa and Mostafizur Rahman
  Raising knowledge of transmission and prevention about HIV/AIDS of respondents about the long run effects of these diseases is the principal objectives of reproductive health programs recently executing in the world. This study reveals that permanent resident respondents are more aware than the floating and frequently moving population. It also shows that about 92% floating respondents heard the name of HIV/AIDS by various sources of media on the other hand the same amount (99.00%) frequently moving and permanent resident heard the name of HIV/AIDS by various sources of media. In this study, it also found that uncontrolled and unsafe sexual relation is the main causes to AIDS answer by the respondents. Further, >50% respondents think avoiding way about HIV/AIDS is using condom during intercourse, <15% respondents indicate transmission way is by blood and appreciation of sex.
 
 
 
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