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Articles by Pezeshki Mohammad Zakaria
Total Records ( 3 ) for Pezeshki Mohammad Zakaria
  Noorizade Rogaye , Ivanbagha Reyhane , Ranjbar Koochaksarayi Fateme , Pezeshki Mohammad Zakaria and Bakhtari Aghdam Fateme
  This study was designed to investigate depression, anxiety, postoperation regret and sexual changes in sterilized women referring to health centers of Tabriz, Iran. Data were available from 150 women who sterilized during 1-10 years ago and 150 non-sterilized women as control group. Anxiety rate in the case group was significantly more than the control group (p = 0.03). Poststerilization regret rate was 6% which had relation with women`s conflict with their husbands concerning decision making before sterilization. Over 75% of 150 sterilized women reported no consistent change in either sexual aspect. Among women with consistent change, negative effects were reported 2 and 5 times more often than positive effects. Insufficient poststerilization rest was a significant risk factor for depression and anxiety. Although most women expressed no regret after sterilization, when there was substantial conflict between a woman and her husband before sterilization, the probability of expressing regret was increased. Tubal sterilization is unlikely to result in changed sexual aspects. Among those with change, the majority experienced negative sexual effects.
  Pourisa Masoud , Daghighi Mahammad Hossein , Pezeshki Mohammad Zakaria , Pezeshki Sina and Purisa Sevim
  This study was designed to assess therapeutic effect of exposure to 0.3 tesla magnetic field with 30 min duration during diagnostic brain MRI on major depression. Three hundred patients who were referred consecutively to our MRI imaging center for brain MRI were screened for major depression using Iranian version of PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire). Screening showed that 23 patients had major depression. As an uncontrolled experimental study patientsí depression score was measured before and 2 weeks after diagnostic brain MRI. After exposure to MRI, the score of 17 out of 23 patients (73.9%) decreased to less than 10 which is the level for major depression based on PHQ-9 scoring. Depression score after brain MRI was significantly lower than before exposure (p< 0.001). Also score of all nine items of the questionnaire was lower than before exposure (P value ranged from 0.001 to p< 0.03). Our study showed that exposure to magnetic field during a diagnostic brain MRI may improve depressive symptoms. Based on the results, a randomized controlled clinical trial with further follow-up is being designed about patients of psychiatric hospital with resistence to convential treatments.
  Pezeshki Mohammad Zakaria and Pezeshki Sina
  Low back pain with a very high burden on health care systems, is one of the most common chief complaints of patients in family medicine. One of the leading causes of low back pain is disc degeneration. We designed this study to find any association between smoking and disc degeneration. As a case control study we compared pack years of smoking between patients with disk degeneration and patients without disc degeneration. By reviewing lumbar MRI of 500 patients who were referred to university MRI center we found 51 patients with disk degeneration based on Modic criteria. We restricted our study to male patients who hadnít history of shift work, drinking alcohol, diabetes, sedentary life style, trauma to low back and family history of low back pain. Also we controlled the effect of age by paired matching of cases and controls. Our sample dropped from 51 cases/controls to 31 cases/controls after controlling mentioned risk factors. Chi square test showed disk degeneration hadnít significant association with body mass index and having risky job. Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking 1 to 5 pack years (odds ratio= 5.87, 95% CI: 1.60-21.53) and also more than 5 pack year (odds ratio= 6.11, 95% CI: 1.52-24.66) are associated with increased risk of disk degeneration. Health education programs for prevention of low back pain may consider quitting cigarette smoking specially when there is co-morbidity between smoking and other major risk factors for arthrosclerosis.
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