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Articles by Pei-Jung Lin
Total Records ( 4 ) for Pei-Jung Lin
  Pei-Jung Lin , Daniel I. Kaufer , Matthew L. Maciejewski , Rahul Ganguly , John E. Paul and Andrea K. Biddle
  Background: The prevalence and expenditure estimates of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) from studies using one data source to define cases vary widely. The objectives of this study were to assess agreement between AD case definitions classified with Medicare claims and survey data and to provide insight into causes of widely varied expenditure estimates. Methods: Data were obtained from the 1999–2004 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey linked with Medicare claims (n = 57,669). Individuals with AD were identified by survey, diagnosis, use of an AD prescription medicine, or some combination thereof. We also explored how much health care and drug expenditures vary by AD case definition. Results: The prevalence of AD differed significantly by case definition. Using survey report alone yielded more cases (n = 1,994 or 3.46%) than diagnosis codes alone (n = 1,589 or 2.76%) or Alzheimer’s medication use alone (n = 1,160 or 2.01%). Agreement between case definitions was low, with kappa coefficients ranging from 0.37 to 0.40. Per capita health expenditures ranged from $16,547 to $24,937, and drug expenditures ranged from $2,303 to $3,519, depending on how AD was defined. Conclusions: Different information sources yield widely varied prevalence and expenditure estimates. Although claims data provided a more objective means for identifying AD cases, survey report identified more cases, and pharmacy data also are an important source for case ascertainment. Using any single source will underestimate the prevalence and associated cost of AD. The wide range of AD cases identified by using different data sources demands caution interpreting cost-of-illness studies using single data sources.
  Pei-Jung Lin , Howard M. Fillit , Howard M. Fillit and Peter J. Neumann
  Background Individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders (ADRD) have more frequent hospitalizations than individuals without ADRD, and some of these admissions may be preventable with proactive outpatient care. Methods This study was a cross-sectional analysis of Medicare claims data from 195,024 fee-for-service ADRD beneficiaries aged ≥65 years and an equal number of matched non-ADRD controls drawn from the 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries in 2007–2008. We analyzed the proportion of patients with potentially avoidable hospitalizations (PAHs, as defined by the Medicare Ambulatory Care Indicators for the Elderly) and used logistic regression to examine patient characteristics associated with PAHs. We used paired t tests to compare Medicare expenditures by ADRD status, stratified by whether there were PAHs related to a particular condition. Results Compared with matched non-ADRD subjects, Medicare beneficiaries with ADRD were significantly more likely to have PAHs for diabetes short-term complications (OR = 1.43; 95% CI 1.31–1.57), diabetes long-term complications (OR = 1.08; 95% CI = 1.02–1.14), and hypertension (OR = 1.22; 95% CI 1.08–1.38), but less likely to have PAHs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma (OR = 0.85; 95% CI 0.82–0.87) and heart failure (OR = 0.89; 95% CI 0.86–0.92). Risks of PAHs increased significantly with comorbidity burden. Among beneficiaries with a PAH, total Medicare expenditures were significantly higher for those subjects who also had ADRD. Conclusion Medicare beneficiaries with ADRD were at a higher risk of PAHs for certain uncontrolled comorbidities and incurred higher Medicare expenditures compared with matched controls without dementia. ADRD appears to make the management of some comorbidities more difficult and expensive. Ideally, ADRD programs should involve care management targeting high-risk patients with multiple chronic conditions.
  Pei-Jung Lin and Peter J. Neumann
  Individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at elevated risk of developing Alzheimer‘s disease (AD). Although the economic burden of AD itself is well recognized, little is known about the direct and indirect costs associated with MCI before the onset of AD. Insufficient data on the economic impact of MCI as well as other gaps in the knowledge base (such as estimates of MCI progression rates and factors that drive MCI-related costs) present challenges to understanding the burden of MCI and to modeling the cost-effectiveness of potential MCI interventions. Initiating treatment and care management in the MCI phase could improve the health and well-being of patients and caregivers and possibly offset certain costs. Future economic analyses should incorporate new data, as they become available, from patient registries and linked administrative claims and electronic medical records to better characterize the cost consequences of MCI detection and management. Such analyses should help payers, providers, and policy makers make more informed decisions about the costs and benefits of new tests, treatments, and other management strategies for the condition.
  Soo Borson , Lori Frank , Peter J. Bayley , Malaz Boustani , Marge Dean , Pei-Jung Lin , J. Riley McCarten , John C. Morris , David P. Salmon , Frederick A. Schmitt , Richard G. Stefanacci , Marta S. Mendiondo , Susan Peschin , Eric J. Hall , Howard Fillit and J. Wesson Ashford
  The value of screening for cognitive impairment, including dementia and Alzheimer's disease, has been debated for decades. Recent research on causes of and treatments for cognitive impairment has converged to challenge previous thinking about screening for cognitive impairment. Consequently, changes have occurred in health care policies and priorities, including the establishment of the annual wellness visit, which requires detection of any cognitive impairment for Medicare enrollees. In response to these changes, the Alzheimer's Foundation of America and the Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation convened a workgroup to review evidence for screening implementation and to evaluate the implications of routine dementia detection for health care redesign. The primary domains reviewed were consideration of the benefits, harms, and impact of cognitive screening on health care quality. In conference, the workgroup developed 10 recommendations for realizing the national policy goals of early detection as the first step in improving clinical care and ensuring proactive, patient-centered management of dementia.
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