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Articles by Padmaja Mehta
Total Records ( 2 ) for Padmaja Mehta
  Sean R. Stowell , Connie M. Arthur , Padmaja Mehta , Kristen A. Slanina , Ola Blixt , Hakon Leffler , David F. Smith and Richard D. Cummings
  Human galectins have functionally divergent roles, although most of the members of the galectin family bind weakly to the simple disaccharide lactose (Galβ1-4Glc). To assess the specificity of galectin-glycan interactions in more detail, we explored the binding of several important galectins (Gal-1, Gal-2, and Gal-3) using a dose-response approach toward a glycan microarray containing hundreds of structurally diverse glycans, and we compared these results to binding determinants on cells. All three galectins exhibited differences in glycan binding characteristics. On both the microarray and on cells, Gal-2 and Gal-3 exhibited higher binding than Gal-1 to fucose-containing A and B blood group antigens. Gal-2 exhibited significantly reduced binding to all sialylated glycans, whereas Gal-1 bound α2-3- but not α2-6-sialylated glycans, and Gal-3 bound to some glycans terminating in either α2-3- or α2-6-sialic acid. The effects of sialylation on Gal-1, Gal-2, and Gal-3 binding to cells also reflected differences in cellular sensitivity to Gal-1-, Gal-2-, and Gal-3-induced phosphatidylserine exposure. Each galectin exhibited higher binding for glycans with poly-N-acetyllactosamine (poly(LacNAc)) sequences (Galβ1-4GlcNAc)n when compared with N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) glycans (Galβ1-4GlcNAc). However, only Gal-3 bound internal LacNAc within poly(LacNAc). These results demonstrate that each of these galectins mechanistically differ in their binding to glycans on the microarrays and that these differences are reflected in the determinants required for cell binding and signaling. The specific glycan recognition by each galectin underscores the basis for differences in their biological activities.
  Arkadiusz G. Klopocki , Tadayuki Yago , Padmaja Mehta , Jun Yang , Tao Wu , Anne Leppanen , Nicolai V. Bovin , Richard D. Cummings , Cheng Zhu and Rodger P. McEver
  Selectin-ligand interactions (bonds) mediate leukocyte rolling on vascular surfaces. The molecular basis for differential ligand recognition by selectins is poorly understood. Here, we show that substituting one residue (A108H) in the lectin domain of L-selectin increased its force-free affinity for a glycosulfopeptide binding site (2-GSP-6) on P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) but not for a sulfated-glycan binding site (6-sulfo-sialyl Lewis x) on peripheral node addressin. The increased affinity of L-selectinA108H for 2-GSP-6 was due to a faster on-rate and to a slower off-rate that increased bond lifetimes in the absence of force. Rather than first prolonging (catching) and then shortening (slipping) bond lifetimes, increasing force monotonically shortened lifetimes of L-selectinA108H bonds with 2-GSP-6. When compared with microspheres bearing L-selectin, L-selectinA108H microspheres rolled more slowly and regularly on 2-GSP-6 at low flow rates. A reciprocal substitution in P-selectin (H108A) caused faster microsphere rolling on 2-GSP-6. These results distinguish molecular mechanisms for L-selectin to bind to PSGL-1 and peripheral node addressin and explain in part the shorter lifetimes of PSGL-1 bonds with L-selectin than P-selectin.
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