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Articles by P.O. Akporhuarho
Total Records ( 3 ) for P.O. Akporhuarho
  Bishop O. Ovwigho , F.U.C. Mmereole , I. Udeh and P.O. Akporhuarho
  The study was an inter-disciplinary one designed to investigate the constraints relevant to different poultry production systems. The sample size was 241 poultry farmers made up of extensive (210), semi-intensive (5) and intensive (26). A four-point rating scale was used to measure the constraints. Mean, Analysis of variance and correlation matrix were used in data analysis. The constraints faced by the extensive poultry farmers were inability to diagnose sick birds (M = 3.45), lack of market for eggs (M = 2.52), egg cracking (M = 2.98), lack of finance (M = 3.44) and loss of birds/eggs to thieves, predators and hazards (M = 3.17). The constraints faced by semi-intensive poultry producers were inability to diagnose sick birds (M = 4.00), lack of feeds (M = 3.00), transportation difficulties(M = 2.80), loss of birds and eggs to predators, thieves and hazards(M = 2.60), lack of finance(M = 3.80) and egg cracking (M = 3.40). The constraints to intensive poultry producers were mortality of adult bids (M = 2.85), diseases out-break (M = 2.58), lack of feeds (M = 2.88), transportation difficulties (M = 3.23), lack of finance (M = 2.65.), feather pecking/cannibalism (M = 3.00) and difficulties in sourcing for day-old chicks (M = 2.65). Lack of finance was a common constraint in the three systems of poultry production. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the responses of the extensive, semi-intensive and intensive poultry farmers to the constraints facing poultry production in the study area. Adequate finance is needed to boost poultry production in the study area.
  P.O. Akporhuarho
  This study was designed to investigate the effect of polluted water on the Hematological indices of cockerels fed with polluted water at 5 ml, 10 ml and 15 ml of crude oil. The results showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the Red Blood Cell (RBC) and White Blood Cell (WBC). Also, there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in the Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV). There was no significant difference (p<0.05) in the Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Plasma Protein (P.P), Hemoglobin Concentration of Blood (HBC) and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Count (MCHC). The significant reduction in RBC and WBC indicate hemolytic anaemia and exposes the birds to high risk of infections. This is due to injurious effect of the toxic components of the crude oil.
  P.O. Akporhuarho
  Data from sixty day old Harco cockerel were used to determine the effect of Crude oil contaminated water on the internal organs of cockerel. There were four treatment groups with fifteen replicates each. Treatment one (T1) which received crude oil free water served as control. Treatment 2, 3 and 4 received crude oil contaminated water at the rate of 5 ml, 10 ml and 15 ml respectively. Both feed and water were provided ad libitum. The experiment lasted for eight weeks. At the end of the experiment two birds were picked randomly from each compartment and slaughtered for post mortem examination, from the result gizzard, heart, liver and spleen, were significantly (p<0.05) depressive as a result of the toxic effect of crude oil, while the intestine and testis were not significantly (p<0.05) affected. This could be as a result of the body’s ability to build up resistance against the toxic effect of crude oil.
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