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Articles by P.C. IKE
Total Records ( 4 ) for P.C. IKE
  P.C. Ike and V.U. Oboh
  This study was carried out to estimate poverty gap between female and male headed farm families in Ukwani Local Government Area (LGA) of Delta State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 7 out of the 10 communities that make up the LGA. From each of these selected communities 10 respondents were selected from a list of farm families drawn with assistance of extension officers covering the area. This gave a total sample size of 70 respondents. The study was conducted in 2008. Various methods were employed in analyzing the data, including descriptive statistical tools and inferential statistics such as t-test and ordinary least square regression analysis. Results of the study indicate that the farmers were characteristically smallholders with about 50% of males and 83% of female household heads having not >1.50 ha of farm. On the poverty levels of the households, it was found that the core poverty and moderate poverty lines for male, female and all households were x4078, x2217 and x3376 and x8146, x5435 and x6752, respectively. This implies that poverty was wide spread among the farm households especially the female headed ones. A test analysis to determine the effect of selected socioeconomic characteristics of the household heads on their levels of poverty indicates that four variables were significantly related to the household poverty levels, namely level of formal education, family size, farm size and household monthly income (p≤0.05). A number of recommendations were made including the need for family planning among the rural households so that they produce only the number of children they can take care of to guarantee them minimum acceptable standard of living.
  F.O. Achoja , P.C. Ike and P.O. Akporhuarcho
  The economics of veterinary services delivery among commercial poultry farmers was investigated using primary data collected from 60 respondents (50 commercial poultry farmers and 10 veterinary officers) with the aid of structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using a combination of descriptive statistics (i.e. mean, percentage, standard deviation, table) and inferential statistics (i.e. multiple regression model). The results of the study showed that though the veterinary services delivery was structured into public and private sectors majority (60.9%) of the commercial poultry farmers demanded and obtained veterinary services from the public sector. The estimated cost function of commercial poultry farm in the study area revealed that the cost of veterinary services significantly affected the total cost of poultry output (p = 0.01). The estimated demand function for veterinary services indicated that the scale of production and distance to the nearest veterinary office were the significant determinants of the demand for veterinary services in the study area. The finding of the study further revealed that the propensity to supply veterinary services was mainly influenced by demand of poultry farmers (0.8) and effective price that they are willing to pay (0.8). It was recommended among others that private individuals should be encouraged by policy to participate in veterinary services delivery. The issue of veterinary services should be considered important in any development programme in the poultry industry in Delta State, Nigeria.
  P.C. IKE and C.O.A. Ugwumba
  This study was carried out to establish the profitability of small scale broiler production in Onitsha north local government area of Anambra state, Nigeria. The specific objectives are to determine the effects of socioeconomic characteristics of broiler producers on output and to estimate the returns of broiler enterprise in the study area. Primary data were collected from one hundred and thirty five (135) broiler farmers by use of well structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools such as means, percentages and multiple regression analysis as well as enterprise budget were applied to analyze the data collected for the study. Findings indicated that most of the respondents (70%) were males and same were aged between 36-55 years while most of the farmers have long years of experience in broiler production. Regression estimates indicated that six variables including experience in broiler production, farming status, access to credit, labour, number of Day-old chicks and quantity of feeds exerted statistically significant influence on broiler production with an R2 of 0.79 and an F-ratio of 39.1. A single broiler nurtured to maturity had a total cost of 942.14 made up of 30.40 fixed cost and 911.74 variable cost. With gross revenue per bird at 1334.00, net revenue of 391.86 per bird was calculated and this gave a net margin-to-cost ratio of 0.42 which implies that a 1.00 investment in broiler production all things being equal would yield 0.42 in return. It is the recommendation of this study that state and local governments should improve their credit delivery to farmers as this will go a long way in improving output.
  P.C. Ike
  The study examined the factors that affect poultry production among small scale poultry farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria. Thirty six respondents were sampled from a list of poultry farmers derived from Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme Office. The Cob Douglas stochastic production function was used to determine factors that affect poultry output as well as the factors that affect the technical efficiency of poultry production. Farm size (p = 0.05), capital input (p = 0.01), labour input (p = 0.05), quantity of feed used (p = 0.05) as well as drugs and veterinary services (p = 0.05) were the major factors that determined poultry output while age of farmer (p = 0.05), production systems (p = 0.1), farming experience (p = 0.1) and educational status (p = 0.1) determined the technical efficiency of poultry production. The mean technical efficiency of poultry production by small scale poultry farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria is 62%, implying that there are yet about 38% of chances for improvement on the technical efficiency of production. Given the existing technology of the poultry farmers, proper management that bears in mind the use of improved breeds and increased education of the poultry farmers on current techniques of production are policy measures that could help improve on the technical efficiency of poultry production in the study area.
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