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Articles by P.A. Curtis
Total Records ( 2 ) for P.A. Curtis
  K.E. Anderson , J.B. Tharrington , P.A. Curtis and F.T. Jones
  The effect of long term genetic selection on shell characteristics was determined by analyzing eggs acquired from Agriculture Canada: Ottawa Control Strain 5, from a 1950 base population; 7, from a 1959 population; and 10, from a 1972 population. H&N "Nick Chick" 1993 commercial strain was also included because it shares genetic ancestry with the three historic strains. Eggs were collected beginning at 28 wk of age, then every 4 wk through the end of the study at 86 wk of the laying cycle and egg weight, egg height, egg width, shell weight, shell thickness, egg specific gravity, and shell breaking force measured. The relationship of egg shape and weight as factors affecting shell strength were also investigated. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found between strains for egg shape and a progressive increase in weight and surface area of eggs from the 1950 strain to the current strain. The shape index indicates that the current strain has increased egg size with the greatest increase seen in egg width. The mean breaking force of eggs from the current strain was higher (P< 0.05) than the other strain`s eggs with no strain differences in percent shell weight, shell thickness, or specific gravity. A decline in breaking force, percent shell weight, and specific gravity was observed among all the strains over the production period. The results from this study suggest that genetic selection has produced larger eggs that are rounder in shape.
  D.R. Jones , M.T. Musgrove , A.B. Caudill , P.A. Curtis and J.K. Northcutt
  A study was conducted to examine the effects of cool water washing on the microbial quality of shell eggs. Six dual tank wash water temperature schemes were examined for their ability to reduce naturally occurring aerobic bacteria and inoculated Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). The wash water schemes were: T1= 48.9oC; T2 = 48.9oC, 23.9oC; T3 = 48.9oC, 15.6oC; T4 = 23.9oC; T5 = 15.6oC; and T6 = 23.9oC, 15.6oC. All wash water tanks were maintained from 10.5-11.5 pH throughout the study. Eggs were exposed to the wash water temperature schemes in a pilot egg washer with recirculating wash water tanks. The total amount of time eggs were exposed to the wash water combinations was 60 s. Following washing, all eggs were sprayed with a 48.9oC, 200 ppm chlorine rinse solution. Eggs were stored and sampled for 9 wks. External aerobic populations were lowest for T1 (typical U.S. wash water configuration), followed by T2 and T3. Aerobic surface contamination was greatest in T5 eggs. All treatments reduced SE levels in a similar manner as detected by shell and membrane emulsion and egg contents pools after enrichment. Commercial application of cool water shell egg processing will be investigated to determine the potential of this technology to enhance the safety and quality of shell eggs.
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