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Articles by P. Tabuaciri
Total Records ( 2 ) for P. Tabuaciri
  S.S. Diarra , D. Sandakabatu , D. Perera , P. Tabuaciri and U. Mohammed
  A three-week experiment was conducted to investigate the utilisation of a diet based on Cassava Root Meal (CRM) and copra meal by finishing broiler chickens. A total of (96) 21-day old Cobb broilers were used for the experiment. The birds were weighed and allotted to 6 pens containing 16 birds each. A finisher diet based on cassava and copra meal and a commercial broiler finisher diet were fed each to 3 randomly selected pens for a period of 21 days. Results showed poorer (p<0.05) final body weight, daily feed intake, daily gain and feed: Gain ratio on the test feed compared to the control commercial feed, but feed cost of meat production (WST$/kg live weight) was reduced (p<0.05) on the test feed. Birds on the commercial feed had higher (p<0.05) carcass and breast meat yields, while the yields of thighs and drumsticks were not affected (p>0.05) by the diet. There were no treatment effects (p>0.05) on the weights of the liver, heart and ceaca, but birds on the test feed recorded higher (p<0.05) weights of the pancreas, gizzard and small intestine. Birds fed the control commercial feed deposited more (p<0.05) fat than those fed the test feed. It was concluded that cassava copra meal-based finisher diets could be used to reduce cost of meat production and carcass fat content and thus meat quality of broiler chickens. Further research into appropriate combinations of these ingredients for optimum growth and feed utilisation by broilers is recommended.
  S.S. Diarra and P. Tabuaciri
  Poultry can only regulate their body temperature within a narrow range of environmental temperatures (between 16-26°C). In the tropics, environmental temperatures are usually above this zone during most part of the year. High ambient temperatures adversely affect the performance of poultry with meat-type birds being more susceptible than egg-type birds. The poor performance of poultry under high ambient temperatures is mainly as a result of decreased feed intake which consequently reduces growth and meat quality, egg production and egg quality and efficiency of feed utilization. Several feeding practices have been used to alleviate the adverse effects of high temperatures on poultry performance. Although most studies on nutritional management of heat stress have been carried out in broilers there are also few reports on nutritional management in laying hens under heat stress condition. Feed form (particle size, moisture content), nutrient manipulation (especially energy and protein), electrolyte and vitamin supplementation, feeding time/feed restriction, choice feeding and drinking water management have all proven to be beneficial to heat-stressed poultry. The present paper reviews some common feeding management practices used to alleviate the effect of high ambient temperatures on poultry performance as well as their limitations.
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