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Articles by P. Nathawat
Total Records ( 4 ) for P. Nathawat
  R. Maan , N. Kataria , P.K. Pilania , A. Sharma , S. Arora , A. Joshi , L.N. Sankhala , S.K. Sharma , N. Mohammad , P. Nathawat and A.K. Kataria
  Serum Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) profiling was carried out in the Marwari breed of sheep from arid tracts in India. Animals were categorized according to sex and age. Blood samples were collected during moderate, extreme hot and cold ambiences to harvest sera. Mean value of serum SOD during moderate ambience was 171.76±2.72 kU L-1. Moderate mean value was considered as control. The mean value of serum SOD was significantly (p≤0.05) higher during hot and cold ambiences as compared to control. Mean value was 2.57 times higher in hot ambience and 1.54 times higher in cold ambience as compared to control. The sex and age effects were significant (p≤0.05) in all ambiences. The mean values were significantly (p≤0.05) higher in male animals than female animals. In each ambience the age effect showed a significant (p≤0.05) increase in the mean values being highest in the animals of 2.5-4.5 years of age. Increased SOD activities during extreme ambiences indicated the development of oxidative stress. Present study generated data of SOD which can be used as reference values for future studies and for diagnostic purposes. The pattern of variation of SOD activity indicated modulation of adaptive mechanisms to protect the body from changes in ambient temperatures and on this basis use of antioxidants in the animals during changing environments is recommended.
  N. Kataria , J. Bargujar , P.K. Pilania , N. Arya , T. Bhati , N. Mohammed , P. Nathawat , M. Mathur , S. Choudhary , S. Asopa , Abhimanu and A.K. Kataria
  To evaluate stress and metabolic adjustments in buffaloes with Post Parturient Haemoglobinuria (PPH), certain serum enzymes viz. Gamma-Glutamayl Transferase (GGT), Glucose-6-Phosphatase (Glc-6-Pase), aldolase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glutamate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, arginase and 5'nucleotidase enzymes were determined. Simultaneously haemoglobin and serum calcium, phosphorus, glucose and proteins were also determined. Blood samples were collected from adult female healthy and buffaloes with post parturient haemoglobinuria. In affected group the mean values of all the parameters were compared with respective healthy mean values. Significantly (p≤0.05) increased serum GGT activity in buffaloes with PPH indicated stress. Activities of the enzymes related to glycolysis and hexose monophosphate shunt were found to be decreased in affected animals. Activities of other enzymes like Glc-6-Pase, GDH, MDH, ARG and 5'NT were found increased significantly (p≤0.05) in the affected cases. This pattern was suggestive of metabolic adjustments where rate of glycolytic pathway decreased and rate of gluconeogenesis was observed to be increased in the affected cases. Correspondingly, serum glucose concentration of affected animals was significantly (p≤0.05) higher. Serum calcium showed non significant (p>0.05) difference whereas serum phosphorus, proteins and haemoglobin levels decreased significantly (p≤0.05) in affected cases. Decreased levels of phosphorus and disturbed calcium to phosphorus ratio suggested that phosphorous deficiency plays a key role in causing haemoglobinuria in buffaloes. Pattern of variation in the activities of the enzymes related to various metabolic processes revealed the metabolic adjustments. The data obtained in the present investigation support the concept that sustained PPH stress may represent an integrating mechanism underlying metabolic adjustments for homeostasis. Better understanding between PPH stress and metabolic homeostasis can be instrumental in the design of novel therapeutic strategies.
  Taruna Bhati , A.K. Kataria , P. Nathawat , S.K. Sharma , N. Mohammed and M. Mathur
  The present study was undertaken to determine the efficacy of 32 different antibiotics against 38 S. aureus isolates obtained from milk samples from cattle with subclinical mastitis. About 6 antibiotics, i.e., Azithromycin, Gentamycin, Chloramphenicol, Tobramycin, Netillin and Neomycin were found 100% effective followed by Methicillin and Linezolid (94.74%), Cotrimoxazole (92.11%), Nitrofurazone (92.10%), Enrofloxacin (89.47%), Bacitracin (84.21%) and Sparfloxacin, Amoxyclav, Cefaclor and Amoxycillin (81.58%). The resistance was 71.05% for Vancomycin and Polymyxin B, 50% for Oxytetracycline, 47.37% for Azlocillin and 36.84% for Novobiocin whereas Cefixime and Metronidazole were completely (100%) ineffective against all the isolates.
  N. Mohammed , S. Solanki , T. Bhati , P. Nathawat , S.K. Sharma , S. Kumar , A. Joshi , P.K. Pilania , L.N. Sankhala , M. Mathur , A. Ahuja , N. Kataria and A.K. Kataria
  The present study was carried out on 17 positive cases (horses) of colic. Two cases died during the treatment. Ten apparently healthy equines (horses) were also included in the study which constituted control group. Clinico-physiological observations included clinical signs, temperature, pulse, respiratory rate per min and colour of mucosa and were noted daily before start of treatment. Laboratory diagnosis of equine colic was done by determining haematological parameters. Blood samples from control group as well as equines suffering from colic were subjected to haematological examinations comprising of haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count, total leucocyte count, differential leucocyte count and platelet count. There was great variation in duration and severity of clinical manifestations. In all the cases abdominal pain, loss of appetite, depression and change in colour of mucous membrane from light pink to dark pink was present. Pulse rate, respiration rate and capillary refill time were increased highly significantly (p<0.01) than the mean values from control group but temperature was within normal range and non-significantly (p>0.05) changed. In present study haemoglobin, PCV and TEC counts was increased significantly (p<0.05) on 1st day (before treatment) in comparison to healthy control group and after-treatment group. There was non significant (p>0.05) difference in their values between control group and after treatment group. Pattern of variation observed in the present study regarding haematological parameters of colicky cases can contribute in generating data for future studies and in laboratory diagnosis.
 
 
 
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