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Articles by P. N Mitrou
Total Records ( 3 ) for P. N Mitrou
  H Ward , P. N Mitrou , R Bowman , R Luben , N. J Wareham , K. T Khaw and S. Bingham
 

Background  The risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) may be related to genetic mutations in the production of apolipoprotein E via alterations to the metabolism of CHD-related blood lipids such as low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides.

Methods  The relationship between APOE genotype (*E3/*E3, *E3/*E4, *E2/*E3, *E4/*E4, *E2/*E4, and *E2/*E2) and fatal and nonfatal CHD was examined among 10 035 men and 12 134 women, aged 440 to 79 years, from the Norfolk, England, arm of the European Prospective Into Nutrition and Cancer Study (1993-2007). During an average of 11 years of follow-up, 2712 CHD events were documented.

Results  The hazard ratio for CHD was 0.88 (95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.99) for *E2 carriers (*E2/*E2 and *E2/*E3) and 1.09 (1.00-1.19) for *E4 carriers (*E3/*E4 and *E4/*E4) compared with homozygous *E3/*E3 individuals after age and sex adjustment. Similar values were obtained when systolic blood pressure, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, alcohol intake, physical activity, and smoking were added to the model. After additional adjustment for baseline levels of the ratio of low- to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the hazard ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) for *E2 and *E4 carriers were 0.97 (0.85-1.10) and 1.06 (0.97-1.15), respectively, when compared with *E3 homozygotes. No interactions by sex, smoking status, or age groups were observed.

Conclusion  In the largest prospective cohort study to date, CHD risk was not associated with APOE genotype after controlling for a variety of cardiovascular risk factors, particularly the ratio of low- to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

  J. Y Park , P. N Mitrou , J Keen , C. C Dahm , L. J Gay , R. N Luben , A McTaggart , K. T Khaw , R. Y Ball , M. J Arends and S. A. Rodwell
 

The tumour suppressor p53 is one of the most commonly altered genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Genetic alterations in p53 may therefore be associated with postulated lifestyle risk factors for CRC, such as red meat consumption. In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk study, we examined whether detailed estimates of dietary and lifestyle factors measured at baseline related to later development of p53 mutations in CRCs. After 10-year follow-up, there were 185 incident CRCs of which 34% had somatic p53 mutations (p53+). We observed significantly higher mean intakes of alcohol, total meat and red meat, in the group with p53 mutations and advanced Dukes’ stage disease (daily alcohol intake was 7 and 12 g for p53– and p53+ cases, respectively, P = 0.04; daily total meat intake was 69 and 100 g for p53– and p53+ cases, respectively, P = 0.03 and daily red meat intake was 39 and 75 g for p53– and p53+ cases, respectively, P = 0.01). Each 50 g/day increment in total meat intake was associated with having p53 mutations in cases with advanced Dukes’ stages [odds ratio (OR): 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.47–7.96]. Similarly, each 50 g/day increment in red meat intake was also significantly associated with having consistent p53 mutations in cases with advanced Dukes’ stages (OR: 2.42, 95% CI: 1.18–4.96). These effects of total meat or red meat intake and advanced Dukes’ stages were independent of age, sex, body mass index, smoking and alcohol intake. Furthermore, P values for interaction between daily total meat or red meat intake and Dukes’ stages were statistically significant in multivariable models (Pinteraction < 0.001). Our results suggest that p53 mutations accelerate progression of CRC to advanced Dukes’ stage in association with higher meat especially red meat intakes.

 
 
 
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