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Articles by P Pickkers
Total Records ( 2 ) for P Pickkers
  J Struck , M Strebelow , S Tietz , C Alonso , N. G Morgenthaler , J. G van der Hoeven , P Pickkers and A. Bergmann

Background: Procalcitonin (PCT) is an established marker for diagnosing and monitoring bacterial infections. Full-length PCT [116 amino acids that make up procalcitonin (PCT1–116)] can be truncated, leading to des-Ala-Pro-PCT (des-Alanin-Prolin-Procalcitonin; PCT3–116). Current immunoassays for PCT ("total PCT") use antibodies directed against internal epitopes and are unable to distinguish amino-terminal PCT variants. Here we describe the development of monoclonal antibodies recognizing the amino-termini of PCT1–116 and PCT3–116 and their use in the selective measurement of these PCT species.

Methods: With newly developed monoclonal antibodies against the amino-termini of PCT1–116 and PCT3–116, and an antibody against the katacalcin moiety of PCT, we developed and characterized immunoluminometric assays for the 2 PCT peptides. We comparatively assessed the kinetics of PCT variants in a human endotoxemia model.

Results: Monoclonal antibodies against the amino-termini of PCT1–116 and PCT3–116 showed <1% cross-reactivity with other PCT-related peptides. The sandwich assays for PCT1–116 and PCT3–116 had functional assay sensitivities of 5 and 1.2 pmol/L, respectively, and exhibited recoveries within 20% of expected values. Plasma PCT1–116 was stable for 6 h at 22 °C and 24 h at 4 °C, and PCT3–116 was stable for at least 24 h at both temperatures. During experimental endotoxemia in healthy people, both PCT1–116 and PCT3–116 increased early in parallel with total PCT, but further increases in PCT1–116 were significantly slower than for PCT3–116 (P = 0.0049) and total PCT (P = 0.0024).

Conclusions: The new assays selectively measure PCT1–116 and PCT3–116. Both PCT species increase early during endotoxemia but differ in their kinetics thereafter. The selective measurement of PCT species with different in vivo kinetics may be useful in improving PCT-guided therapies.

  J. J. C Kroot , C. M. M Laarakkers , A. J Geurts Moespot , N Grebenchtchikov , P Pickkers , A. E van Ede , H. P. E Peters , E van Dongen Lases , J. F. M Wetzels , F. C. G. J Sweep , H Tjalsma and D. W. Swinkels

Hepcidin is an iron-regulatory peptide hormone that consists of 3 isoforms: bioactive hepcidin-25, and inactive hepcidin-22 and hepcidin-20. Hepcidin is instrumental in the diagnosis and monitoring of iron metabolism disorders, but reliable methods for its quantification in serum are sparse, as is knowledge of their relative analytical strengths and clinical utility.


We developed a competitive (c)-ELISA and an immunocapture TOF mass-spectrometry (IC-TOF-MS) assay. Exploiting these 2 methods and our previously described weak cation exchange (WCX)-TOF-MS assay, we measured serum hepcidin concentrations in 186 patients with various disorders of iron metabolism and in 23 healthy controls.


We found that (a) the relative differences in median hepcidin concentrations in various diseases to be similar, although the absolute concentrations measured with c-ELISA and WCX-TOF-MS differed; (b) hepcidin isoforms contributed to differences in hepcidin concentrations between methods, which were most prominent in patients with chronic kidney disease; and (c) hepcidin concentrations measured by both the c-ELISA and IC-TOF-MS correlated with ferritin concentrations <60 µg/L, and were suitable for distinguishing between iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and the combination of IDA and anemia of chronic disease.


c-ELISA is the method of choice for the large-scale quantification of serum hepcidin concentrations, because of its low limit of detection, low cost, and high-throughput. Because of its specificity for bioactive hepcidin-25, WCX-TOF-MS can be regarded as a valuable special-purpose assay for disorders with variable concentrations of hepcidin isoforms, such as chronic kidney disease.

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