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Articles by P Nilsson
Total Records ( 2 ) for P Nilsson
  J. G Smith , O Melander , H Lovkvist , B Hedblad , G Engstrom , P Nilsson , J Carlson , G Berglund , B Norrving and A. Lindgren
 

Background— Epidemiological studies indicate a genetic contribution to ischemic stroke risk, but specific genetic variants remain unknown, with the exception of a few rare variants. Recent genome-wide association studies identified and replicated common genetic variants on chromosome 9p21 to confer risk of coronary heart disease. We examined whether these variants are associated with ischemic stroke.

Methods and Results— We genotyped 6 common genetic variants on chromosome 9p21, previously associated with coronary artery disease in genome-wide association studies, in 2 population-based studies in southern Sweden, the Lund Stroke Register (n=1837 cases, 947 controls) and the Malmö Diet and Cancer study (MDC; n=888 cases, 893 controls). We examined association in each study and in the pooled dataset. Adjustments were made for cardiovascular risk factors and further for previous myocardial infarction in MDC. We found a modest increase in ischemic stroke risk for 2 common (minor allele frequencies 0.46 to 0.49) variants, rs2383207 (P=0.04 in Lund Stroke Register, P=0.01 in MDC) and rs10757274 (P=0.03 in Lund Stroke Register, P=0.03 in MDC), in each sample independently. The strength of the association increased when samples were pooled with an odds ratio of 1.15 (95% CI, 1.05 to 1.25; P=0.002) for the strongest variant rs2383207. Results were similar after adjustment for clinical covariates. rs1333049 also showed significant association in MDC, which increased in the pooled sample (P=0.004).

Conclusions— In this large sample (n=4565), we detected common genetic determinants for ischemic stroke on chromosome 9p21. Our findings indicate that ischemic stroke shares pathophysiological determinants with coronary heart disease and other arterial diseases and highlight the need for large sample sizes in stroke genetics.

  K Pershad , J.D Pavlovic , S Graslund , P Nilsson , K Colwill , A Karatt Vellatt , D.J Schofield , M.R Dyson , T Pawson , B.K Kay and J. McCafferty
 

To demonstrate the utility of phage display in generating highly specific antibodies, affinity selections were conducted on 20 related Src Homology 2 (SH2) domains (ABL1, ABL2, BTK, BCAR3, CRK, FYN, GRB2, GRAP2, LYN, LCK, NCK1, PTPN11 C, PIK3R1 C, PLC1 C, RASA1 C, SHC1, SH2D1A, SYK N, VAV1 and the tandem domains of ZAP70). The domains were expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and used in affinity selection experiments. In total, 1292/3800 of the resultant antibodies were shown to bind the target antigen. Of the 695 further evaluated in specificity ELISAs against all 20 SH2 domains, 379 antibodies were identified with unique specificity (i.e. monospecific). Sequence analysis revealed that there were at least 150 different clones with 1–19 different antibodies/antigen. This includes antibodies that distinguish between ABL1 and ABL2, despite their 89% sequence identity. Specificity was confirmed for many on protein arrays fabricated with 432 different proteins. Thus, even though the SH2 domains share a common three-dimensional structure and 20–89% identity at the primary structure level, we were able to isolate antibodies with exquisite specificity within this family of structurally related domains.

 
 
 
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