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Articles by P Lin
Total Records ( 2 ) for P Lin
  Y Zhou , P Lin , Q Li , L Han , H Zheng , Y Wei , Z Cui , Y Ni and X. Guo
 

Sputum is the most common sample collected from patients suffering from lower respiratory tract infections and it is crucial for the bacterial identification of these infections. In this study, we enrolled 101 sputum samples from 101 patients with lower respiratory tract infections. Initially, pyrosequencing of the 16S rDNA V3 hypervariable regions of the bacteria contained in the sputum was utilized as a culture-independent approach for microbiota analysis. For comparison, clinical laboratory tests using a culture-dependent automated bacterial identification system for the same cohort of sputum samples were also done. By pyrosequencing, >70,000 DNA fragments were found and classified into 129 bacterial genera after being analyzed by the Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) process. Most sequences belonged to several predominant genera, such as Streptococcus and Staphylococcus, indicating that these genera play an important role in lower respiratory tract infections. In addition, some sequences belonging to potential causative agents, such as Mycoplasma, Haemophilus, and Moraxella, were also found, but these sequences were not found by clinical laboratory tests. For the nine genera detected by both methods, the methods' sensitivities were compared and the results showed that pyrosequencing was more sensitive, except for Klebsiella and Mycobacterium. Significantly, this method revealed much more complicated bacterial communities and it showed a promising ability for the detection of bacteria.

  X Wang , W Xie , Y Zhang , P Lin , L Han , P Han , Y Wang , Z Chen , G Ji , M Zheng , N Weisleder , R. P Xiao , H Takeshima , J Ma and H. Cheng
 

Rationale: Unrepaired cardiomyocyte membrane injury causes irreplaceable cell loss, leading to myocardial fibrosis and eventually heart failure. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of cardiac membrane repair are largely unknown. MG53, a newly identified striated muscle-specific protein, is involved in skeletal muscle membrane repair. But the role of MG53 in the heart has not been determined.

Objective: We sought to investigate whether MG53 mediates membrane repair in cardiomyocytes and, if so, the cellular and molecular mechanism underlying MG53-mediated membrane repair in cardiomyocytes. Moreover, we determined possible cardioprotective effect of MG53-mediated membrane repair.

Methods and Results: We demonstrated that MG53 is crucial to the emergency membrane repair response in cardiomyocytes and protects the heart from stress-induced loss of cardiomyocytes. Disruption of the sarcolemmal membrane by mechanical, electric, chemical, or metabolic insults caused rapid and robust translocation of MG53 toward the injury sites. Ablation of MG53 prevented sarcolemmal resealing after infrared laser–induced membrane damage in intact heart, and exacerbated mitochondrial dysfunction and loss of cardiomyocytes during ischemia/reperfusion injury. Unexpectedly, the MG53-mediated cardiac membrane repair was mediated by a cholesterol-dependent mechanism: depletion of membrane cholesterol abolished, and its recovery restored injury-induced membrane translocation of MG53. The redox status of MG53 did not affect initiation of MG53 translocation, whereas MG53 oxidation conferred stability to the membrane repair patch.

Conclusions: Thus, cholesterol-dependent MG53-mediated membrane repair is a vital, heretofore unappreciated cardioprotective mechanism against a multitude of insults and may bear important therapeutic implications.

 
 
 
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