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Articles by P Lichtner
Total Records ( 3 ) for P Lichtner
  S. C Body , C. D Collard , S. K Shernan , A. A Fox , K. Y Liu , M. D Ritchie , T. E Perry , J. D Muehlschlegel , S Aranki , B. S Donahue , M Pretorius , J. C Estrada , P. T Ellinor , C Newton Cheh , C. E Seidman , J.G Seidman , D. S Herman; , P Lichtner , T Meitinger , A Pfeufer , S Kaab , N. J Brown , D. M Roden and D. Darbar

Background— Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common adverse event following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. A recent study identified chromosome 4q25 variants associated with AF in ambulatory populations. However, their role in postoperative AF is unknown. We hypothesized that genetic variants in the 4q25 chromosomal region are independently associated with postoperative AF after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Methods and Results— Two prospectively collected cohorts of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, with or without concurrent valve surgery, at 3 US centers. From a discovery cohort of 959 patients, clinical and genomic multivariate predictors of postoperative AF were identified by genotyping 45 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) encompassing the 4q25 locus. Three SNPs were then assessed in a separately collected validation cohort of 494 patients. After adjustment for clinical predictors of postoperative AF and multiple comparisons, rs2200733, rs13143308, and 5 other linked SNPs independently predicted postoperative AF in the discovery cohort. Additive odds ratios for the 7 associated 4q25 SNPs ranged between 1.57 and 2.17 (P=8.0x10–4 to 3.4x10–6). Association with postoperative AF were measured and replicated for rs2200733 and rs13143308 in the validation cohort.

Conclusions— In 2 independently collected cardiac surgery cohorts, noncoding SNPs within the chromosome 4q25 region are independently associated with postoperative AF after coronary artery bypass graft surgery after adjusting for clinical covariates and multiple comparisons.

  D Teupser , R Baber , U Ceglarek , M Scholz , T Illig , C Gieger , L. M Holdt , A Leichtle , K. H Greiser , D Huster , P Linsel Nitschke , A Schafer , P. S Braund , L Tiret , K Stark , D Raaz Schrauder , G. M Fiedler , W Wilfert , F Beutner , S Gielen , A Grosshennig , I. R Konig , P Lichtner , I. M Heid , A Kluttig , N. E El Mokhtari , D Rubin , A. B Ekici , A Reis , C. D Garlichs , A. S Hall , G Matthes , C Wittekind , C Hengstenberg , F Cambien , S Schreiber , K Werdan , T Meitinger , M Loeffler , N. J Samani , J Erdmann , H. E Wichmann , H Schunkert and J. Thiery

Phytosterols are plant-derived sterols that are taken up from food and can serve as biomarkers of cholesterol uptake. Serum levels are under tight genetic control. We used a genomic approach to study the molecular regulation of serum phytosterol levels and potential links to coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods and Results—

A genome-wide association study for serum phytosterols (campesterol, sitosterol, brassicasterol) was conducted in a population-based sample from KORA (Cooperative Research in the Region of Augsburg) (n=1495) with subsequent replication in 2 additional samples (n=1157 and n=1760). Replicated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with premature CAD in a metaanalysis of 11 different samples comprising 13 764 CAD cases and 13 630 healthy controls. Genetic variants in the ATP-binding hemitransporter ABCG8 and at the blood group ABO locus were significantly associated with serum phytosterols. Effects in ABCG8 were independently related to SNPs rs4245791 and rs41360247 (combined P=1.6x10–50 and 6.2x10–25, respectively; n=4412). Serum campesterol was elevated 12% for each rs4245791 T-allele. The same allele was associated with 40% decreased hepatic ABCG8 mRNA expression (P=0.009). Effects at the ABO locus were related to SNP rs657152 (combined P=9.4x10–13). Alleles of ABCG8 and ABO associated with elevated phytosterol levels displayed significant associations with increased CAD risk (rs4245791 odds ratio, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.14; P=2.2x10–6; rs657152 odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.19; P=9.4x10–6), whereas alleles at ABCG8 associated with reduced phytosterol levels were associated with reduced CAD risk (rs41360247 odds ratio, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.91; P=1.3x10–5).


Common variants in ABCG8 and ABO are strongly associated with serum phytosterol levels and show concordant and previously unknown associations with CAD.

  E Org , S Eyheramendy , P Juhanson , C Gieger , P Lichtner , N Klopp , G Veldre , A Doring , M Viigimaa , S Sober , K Tomberg , G Eckstein , Kelgo KORA , T Rebane , S Shaw Hawkins , P Howard , A Onipinla , R. J Dobson , S. J Newhouse , M Brown , A Dominiczak , J Connell , N Samani , M Farrall , Caulfield BRIGHT , P. B Munroe , T Illig , H. E Wichmann , T Meitinger and M. Laan

Hypertension is a complex disease that affects a large proportion of adult population. Although approximately half of the inter-individual variance in blood pressure (BP) level is heritable, identification of genes responsible for its regulation has remained challenging. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a novel approach to search for genetic variants contributing to complex diseases. We conducted GWAS for three BP traits [systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP); hypertension (HYP)] in the Kooperative Gesundheitsforschung in der Region Augsburg (KORA) S3 cohort (n = 1644) recruited from general population in Southern Germany. GWAS with 395 912 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified an association between BP traits and a common variant rs11646213 (T/A) upstream of the CDH13 gene at 16q23.3. The initial associations with HYP and DBP were confirmed in two other European population-based cohorts: KORA S4 (Germans) and HYPEST (Estonians). The associations between rs11646213 and three BP traits were replicated in combined analyses (dominant model: DBP, P = 5.55 x 10–5, effect –1.40 mmHg; SBP, P = 0.007, effect –1.56 mmHg; HYP, P = 5.30 x 10–8, OR = 0.67). Carriers of the minor allele A had a decreased risk of hypertension. A non-significant trend for association was also detected with severe family based hypertension in the BRIGHT sample (British). The novel susceptibility locus, CDH13, encodes for an adhesion glycoprotein T-cadherin, a regulator of vascular wall remodeling and angiogenesis. Its function is compatible with the BP biology and may improve the understanding of the pathogenesis of hypertension.

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