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Articles by Othman O. Khalifa
Total Records ( 6 ) for Othman O. Khalifa
  Md. Rafiqul Islam , Othman O. Khalifa , Liakot Ali , Amir Azli and Mohd Zulkarnain
  The tremendous growth of telecommunication industry results the number of hand phone users increases everyday. In order to support the growing number of users, the mobile base stations can be seen in almost everywhere. This scenario has created uncomfortable feelings to the people that they may be affected by the radiations from antennas. A measurement was done at student hostels and office premises near to base stations in International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak campus. Measured values are compared with Malaysian Communication and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), IEEE and ANSI recommendations for safety guidelines. The results are presented in this study.
  Md. R. Islam , Zain E. Elshaikh , Othman O. Khalifa , A. H.M.Z. Alam and Sheroz Khan
  Problem statement: The fade margin analysis of microwave propagation in areas affected by duststorm had been presented in this study. Approach: Based on long term duststorm data recorded in Riyadh-Saudi Arabia, the fade margin due to duststorm effects estimated. Results: The fade margin due to duststorm then derived under various water contents during the storm. Conclusion/Recommendations: It was particularly shown that duststorm have comparable effects on link reliability for typical storms.
  Mohamed Abomhara , Othman O. Khalifa , Omar Zakaria , A.A. Zaidan , B.B. Zaidan and Hamdan O. Alanazi
  With the increasing and continuous use of digital communications on the internet in recent times, security is becoming more and more relevant and important. However, special and reliable security is required for the many digital applications available such as video conferencing, digital television and mobile TV. The classical techniques of data security are not appropriate for the current multimedia usage. This study addresses the current algorithm of multimedia encryption schemes that have been proposed in the literature and description of multimedia security. It is a comparative study between symmetric key encryption and asymmetric key encryption in achieving an efficient, flexible and secure video data.
  Othman O. Khalifa , Aisha-Huassan Abdullah , N. Suriyana , Saidah Zawanah and Shihab A. Hameed
  The approach to error correction coding taken by modern digital communication systems started in the late 1940’s with the ground breaking work of Shannon, Hamming and Golay. Reed-Muller (RM) codes were an important step beyond the Hamming and Golay codes because they allowed more flexibility in the size of the code word and the number of correctable errors per code word. Whereas the Hamming and Golay codes were specific codes with particular values for q; n; k; and t, the RM codes were a class of binary codes with a wide range of allowable design parameters. Binary Reed-Muller codes are among the most prominent families of codes in coding theory. They have been extensively studied and employed for practical applications. In this research, the performance simulation of Reed-Muller Codec was presented. An introduction on Reed-Muller codes, were introduced that consists of defining the key terms and operation used with the binary numbers. Reed-Muller codes were defined and encoding matrices were discussed. The decoding process was given and some examples were demonstrated to clarify the method. The results and the performance of Reed-Muller encoding were presented and the messages been encoded using the defined matrices were shown. The simulation of the decoding part also been shown. The performance of Reed-Muller codes were then analyzed in terms of its code rate, code length and minimum Hamming distance. The analysis that performed also successfully examines the relationship between the parameters of Reed-Muller coding. The decoding part of the Reed-Muller codes can detect one error and correct it as shown in the examples.
  Othman O. Khalifa , Tariq Al-maznaee , Mahmood Munjid and Aisha-Hassan A Hashim
  In this study, Convolutional coder software implementation using Viterbi decoding algorithm for bitstream that had been encoded using forward error correction was presented. It discussed the detailed description and steps involved in simulating a communication channel using convolutional encoding with Viterbi decoding. The steps involved generating random binary data, convolutionally encoding the data, passing the encoded data through a noisy channel, quantizing the received channel symbols and finally performing Viterbi decoding on quantized channel symbols to recover original binary data. In this study, researchers aim was to convince and to explain the reader the advantages of convolutional coding with Viterbi decoding over conventional decoding techniques in terms of BER.
  Md. R. Ahsan , Muhammad I. Ibrahimy and Othman O. Khalifa
  Problem statement: The social demands for the Quality Of Life (QOL) are increasing with the exponentially expanding silver generation. To improve the QOL of the disabled and elderly people, robotic researchers and biomedical engineers have been trying to combine their techniques into the rehabilitation systems. Various biomedical signals (biosignals) acquired from a specialized tissue, organ, or cell system like the nervous system are the driving force for the entire system. Examples of biosignals include Electro-Encephalogram (EEG), Electrooculogram (EOG), Electroneurogram (ENG) and (EMG). Approach: Among the biosignals, the research on EMG signal processing and controlling is currently expanding in various directions. EMG signal based research is ongoing for the development of simple, robust, user friendly, efficient interfacing devices/systems for the disabled. The advancement can be observed in the area of robotic devices, prosthesis limb, exoskeleton, wearable computer, I/O for virtual reality games and physical exercise equipments. An EMG signal based graphical controller or interfacing system enables the physically disabled to use word processing programs, other personal computer software and internet. Results: Depending on the application, the acquired and processed signals need to be classified for interpreting into mechanical force or machine/computer command. Conclusion: This study focused on the advances and improvements on different methodologies used for EMG signal classification with their efficiency, flexibility and applications. This review will be beneficial to the EMG signal researchers as a reference and comparison study of EMG classifier. For the development of robust, flexible and efficient applications, this study opened a pathway to the researchers in performing future comparative studies between different EMG classification methods.
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