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Articles by Osman A.
Total Records ( 3 ) for Osman A.
  El Shazly M. , Zeid M. and Osman A.
  A multicentre case-control study was conducted to identify and quantify risk factors that may influence the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy. A total of 200 diabetic patients with nonproliferative retinopathy were compared with 400 diabetic patients without any eye complications with regard to the development of diabetic retinopathy. They were also compared with 200 diabetic patients with major eye complications to study the progression of diabetic eye complications. Results showed that the progression of diabetic eye complications was preventable since all the variables significantly affecting the process of progression, except type of diabetes, were avoidable.
  Shawky R.M. , Abdel Fattah S. , El Din Azzam M.E. , Rafik M.M. and Osman A.
  This study was conducted on 500 full-term neonates and 25 older patients with congenital hypothyroidism [CH], newly or previously diagnosed. Alphafetoprotein [AFP] was elevated in two neonates. In one, persistent elevation of AFP and thyroid stimulating hormone [TSH] with low thyroxine [T4] were found [congenital hypothyroidism]. In the other, AFP, TSH and T4 levels normalized [transient hypothyroidism]. The mean AFP level in new CH patients was significantly higher than in previously diagnosed patients, and was higher in CH patients than in controls. Significant relationships were found between AFP and T4, AFP and TSH, and AFP and age. AFP is a sensitive indicator of thyroid status and can be used as a screening test for hypothyroidism from the first day of life and in follow-up of CH patients.
  Osman A. , Marghalani M. , Turkistani I.Y.A. , Al Swaf M. and Bin Sadiq B.
  We carried out a retrospective descriptive study to determine prevalence and risk factors for tardive dyskinesia [TD] among psychotic patients treated with conventional neuroleptics in 4 centres in Saudi Arabia. Records of patients who had been taking < / =1 conventional neuroleptic for < / = 6 months from January 1997 to December 2000 were examined; 151 patients were included in the final analysis. Only 51 had TD; another 59 [6.8%] patients had drug-induced Parkinson disease. Duration of treatment [P < 0.001], higher doses of neuroleptics [P < 0.01] and age over 40 years [P < 0.01] were associated with TD. A statistically significant difference in prevalence was found between Arabs [23.5%] and Afro-Arabs [45.5%] [P < 0.01]. Overall prevalence of TD among psychotic patients was 5.9%.
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