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Articles by O.O. Owolabi
Total Records ( 3 ) for O.O. Owolabi
  I. Abdulwaliyu , S.O. Arekemase , J.A. Adudu , M.L. Batari , O.O. Owolabi , D. Ibrahim and S.O. Aribido
  Background and Objective: Blood contains low concentration of thiols and some (thiols) are found in the albumin compartment. So far, little or no information exists on the relationship between serum total thiols and albumin in sub-chronic lead intoxication. To examine the relationship between serum total thiols and albumin in sub-chronic lead intoxicated rats supplemented with folic acid and/or vitamin C. Materials and Methods: This study was performed using 40 male albino rats weighing 160-190 g. The albino rats were divided into eight 8 of five each. Group 1-4 were sub-chronically intoxicated with lead fora period of 6 weeks, followed by supplementation with folic acid and/or vitamin C to group 2-7 fora period of 4 weeks. After the 10th week, the experimental rats were fasted overnight and sacrificed, after which their blood samples were collected. Results: Findings from this study revealed statistically significant (p<0.05) decrease in serum total thiols and albumin concentration in the non-supplemented lead intoxicated group as compared to the level observed in the control group. Moreso, combined supplementation of folic acid and vitamin C modulates decreased in the total thiols and albumin concentration and both (thiols and albumin) correlates positively in the co-supplemented (folic acid and vitamin C) lead intoxicated group. Conclusion: Co-supplementation of folic acid and vitamin C could be used as nutrient supplement to simultaneously restored depletion in serum total thiols and albumin concentrations of sub-chronic lead intoxication.
  E.O. Ojofeitimi , P.O. Ogunjuyigbe , R.A. Sanusi , E.O. Orji , A. Akinlo , S.A. Liasu and O.O. Owolabi
  This paper examines the impact of adequate intake energy and retinol on pregnancy outcome among selected pregnant women in Osun State, Southwest Nigeria. Eight hundred and forty (840) pregnant and 250 non-pregnant women were involved in the survey conducted in 2006 which used a 24-hour diet recall to assess their dietary intake. Food models were used to assist memory and portion size of foods taken. The results indicate that dietary energy intake in this study was inadequate in about 75% of the pregnant women and 65% of the non-pregnant women. With the exception of protein intakes in Ife North, inadequate intake was less than 15% in all LGA. The structure of the menu, however, point to a preponderance of protein of plant origin. Compared with protein intake, the dietary intake of Vitamin A (Retinol) was inadequate in all the LGA and among pregnant and non-pregnant women. The paucity of animal protein in the diet may be responsible for this. Almost 70% of the pregnant women also had inadequate Vitamin C intakes. The study therefore, reiterates that emphasis on dietary sources of energy, iron, vitamin A and folic acid during pregnancy should be the key discussion during antenatal visits. Food demonstration during the antenatal visits offers the best strategies.
  S.O. Arekemase , J.A. Adudu , I. Abdulwaliyu , M.L. Batari , O. Aribido , M.H. Mahmud and O.O. Owolabi
  Background and Objective: The pressing need for affordable foods has led to the exploitation of many underutilized plants. Cassia occidentalis is widely distributed in nature and are sometimes used as a substitute for coffee. Despite being used in roasted form “as coffee”, nutrients in the roasted seeds of this plant has not been largely explored. In this study, the objective was to evaluate some nutrients in the roasted seeds and the roasted seeds oil of this plant. Materials and Methods: About 100 g of the well dried seeds of Cassia occidentalis was subjected to heat (roasted) for 5 h using a Vulcan air oven at 150°C and then crushed to obtain a powdered sample. Thereafter, the minerals, vitamins, amino acids and fatty acids profile of the roasted seeds were determined using standard protocols. Results: Result obtained from the amino acid analysis showed that the roasted seeds of this plant contained essential amino acids (except tryptophan, which was not detected). The roasted seeds also revealed appreciable amount of minerals and vitamins. The fatty acid profile revealed reasonable percentages of 9-octadecenoic acid (oleic acid) (33.19%) and 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid (linoleic acid) (21.22%), while tetra decanoic acid (myristic acid) (2.68%) ranked the lowest. Conclusion: The high nutrients content in the roasted seeds and the roasted seeds oil of this plant confirm it to have good nutritional value.
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