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Articles by O.O. Oni
Total Records ( 8 ) for O.O. Oni
  I.A. Adeyinka , O.O. Oni , B.I. Nwagu and F.D. Adeyinka
  The chicks used in this experiment were obtained from a population of naked neck broiler chickens that has been kept in NAPRI since 1998. Six Hundred chicks were obtained from four hatches, one week apart. At hatch, pedigreed chicks were wing-banded and housed on deep litter in an open house. Body weights were measured biweekly up to 8 weeks of age. Other measurements taken include Neck length, Back length, keel length and breast angle. The general least square means were 37.22 ± 0.32, 210.46 ± 1.97, 744.33 ± 4.31, 1351.3 ± 7.91 and 2428.1 ± 14.61g for wt at day old (WT0D), weight at 2 weeks (WT14D), weight at 4 weeks (WT28D), weight at 6 weeks (WT42D) and weight at 8 weeks (WT56D), respectively. While measurements taken included Neck length, Back length, keel length and breast which were 7.31 ± 0.06, 15.99 ± 0.05, 5.63 ± 0.04, 10.44 ± 0.04cm respectively. The heritability estimates ranged from low value of 3.013 ± 0.08 for keel length to 0.315 ± 0.22 for WT0D. There were negative genetic correlations between WT0D and other traits. This study showed that additive heritabilities are low for linear body measurement and moderate for body weight for naked neck chickens during rearing.
  I.A. Adeyinka , O.O. Oni , B.I. Nwagu and F.D. Adeyinka
  The data used to calculate the variance components of various production traits was obtained from records of about 4000 hens daughters of about 180 cocks mated to about 1,500 dams and collected over 5 year period. Two strains of Rhode Island Chickens were involved in this study. Within the red strain population sire`s contribution to total variation in age at first egg did not exceed 8.6% across the year and 6.9% in the white strain. Except for body weight at 40 weeks of the red strain where the contribution of the sire exceed 14%, the contribution of the sire to the total variation for all the economic traits considered in this study were generally low for both strain of the layer type chickens under consideration. Generally dam component of variance were higher most of the time and in many traits within the red strain population.
  O.O. Oni , B.Y. Abubakar , N.I. Dim , O.E. Asiribo and I.A. Adeyinka
  The monthly egg production data of Rhode Island Red (strain A) and White (strain B) chickens were used to estimate the genetic and phenotypic relationships between egg production traits and curve parameters obtained from fitting the McNally model to 52-wk laying records. A total of 356 and 292 records for strains A and B, respectively, were included in a variance component analysis of a two factor nested classification - dams within sire. The estimates of heritabilities and correlations for production traits were moderate to high, while the values obtained for the curve parameters varied from low to moderate. The estimates of correlations of part-productions with 52-week total were comparatively higher than the values obtained for curve parameters with 52-week total. The low estimates of heritability obtained for curve parameters indicated that it would be better to select on functions of the parameters (such as total production or part-year production), which had higher estimates, rather than individual curve parameters. The high genetic correlation between part-year production and total annual production suggests that selection for the latter based on the former would not diminish genetic progress. The decreased generation interval that would result from selection on part record will probably more than offset the loss in efficiency if records are taken for about half of the full laying year.
  B.I. Nwagu , S.A.S. Olorunju , O.O. Oni , L.O. Eduvie , I.A. Adeyinka , A.A. Sekoni and F.O. Abeke
  Data from 4336 pullets progeny of 144 sires and 779 dams for strain A and 4843 pullets, progeny of 158 sires and 1108 dams for strain B belonging to 5 generations under selection for part-period egg production to 280 days of age were used for this study. The number of pullets housed at about 18weeks per population ranged from 326 and 1000 per generation for each of the population. The effective number of parents in each generation averaged 174 and 187 for male and female populations, respectively. The traits measured were egg number to 280 days (EGG280 D), age at sexual maturity (ASM), egg weight average (EWTAV) and body weight at 40 weeks of age (BWT40). The co-efficient of inbreeding per generation due to finite population size was 0.005 for both the male and the female lines respectively. For the control population the values obtained were 0.008 vs 0.007 for both the male and female lines respectively. The average performance of the birds over the study period for the male and female lines respectively ranged from 38.38 vs 50.94 and 37.03 vs 51.25 for EGG280 D, 194 vs 212 and 197 vs 214 for ASM, 48.29 vs 55.93 and 48.29 vs 55.11 for EWTAV, 1600 vs 1754 and 1440 vs 1908 for BWT40.The effective number of parent in each generation averaging about 175 probably caused an average inbreeding of about 0.5% per generation. Although the level of inbreeding in this population is not critical there is evidence of an increasing trend, which could lead to homozygosity in the flock. There is need to widen the genetic base to prevent selection depression too early in the flock.
  B.I. Nwagu , S.A.S. Olorunju , O.O. Oni , L.O. Eduvie , I.A. Adeyinka , A.A. Sekoni and F.O. Abeke
  Records obtained from 4336 pullets progeny for strain A and 4843 pullets, progeny for strain B under selection for part-period egg production to 280 days of age were used for this study. The response variables measured were Age at sexual maturity (ASM), Egg number to 280 days (EGG280 D), Egg weight average (EWTAV) and Body weight at 40 weeks of age (BWT40). The genotypic response was only 0.42 eggs per generation in the male line. The female line population showed a much higher positive response to selection, the phenotypic value being 1.67 eggs per generation while the genotypic response was 3.1 eggs per generation. The genetic correlation estimates between the different economic traits ranged from -0.70± 0.38 to 0.82 ± 0.42 vs -0.71 ± 0.47 to 0.76 ± 0.29 for the male and female lines respectively. The correlation between egg number and egg weight was small non significant. ASM was highly and negatively correlated with egg production to 280 days in both lines being higher than- 0.60 in most cases. The genetic correlation between egg number and BWT40 showed no definite trend. In the female line, correlated response in age ASM and BWT40 had negative values. In the male line however except for BWT40 which showed a positive correlated response of 3.4g/year, all other traits showed negative correlated responses. Generally it was evident that selection was more effective in improving the egg number in the female line than in the male line showing an increase of 1.67 vs 0.19 eggs per year in the female and male lines, respectively. The low egg number reported was as a result of the delay in sexual maturity especially during the later years of the selection experiment. Another factor that may have contributed to the variable response achieved from generation to generation may also be due to varying season of hatching across generation. However the positive response in the female line population may be attributed to reduced age at sexual maturity.
  A.O.Oni , C.F.I. Onwuka , O.O. Oduguwa , O.S. Onifade , O.M. Arigbede , O.O. Oni and U.Y. Anele
  Wet citrus pulp from sweet orange collected from a fruit juice canning factory at Ibadan, Oyo State, was sun-dried for 7 days on asphalt surface. Sixteen West African Dwarf goats weighing 5.0-5.6 kg were used in a 112 days feeding experiment to determine the effect of citrus pulp in the dry season feed of West African Dwarf goats placed on Enterolobium cyclocarpum as basal feed. The dried citrus pulp contained 6.3% crude protein, 17.63% crude fibre, 5.13% ash and 69.32% nitrogen free extractives on DM basis. Citrus seeds, collected separately, contained 11.69% CP, 8% CF, 5% ash and 69.44% NFE. A control diet with contained 88.5% Brewers’ Dried Grains (BDG) and three experimental diets in which BDG was replaced by citrus pulp at 25, 50 and 75% levels in the experimental diets, respectively constituted the four treatments. The highest total nutrient intakes (p>0.05) occurred at 50% level of dried citrus pulp replacement being 593.19, 116.08, 59.78, 266.12, 182.86, 14.58, 150.26 and 83.26 gd-1 for DM, CP, CF, NDF, ADF, ADL, cellulose and hemicellulose, respectively. The digestibility coefficients of DM, CF, Ash, NFE, NDF, ADL, cellulose and hemicellulose increased with increasing levels of dried citrus pulp in the diets and were highest at 75% level of replacement. The inclusion of both citrus pulp and brewers’ dried grains in the diet at 50% levels is recommended as dry season feed for ruminant animals using E. cyclocarpum as basal feed.
  F.O. Abeke , S.O. Ogundipe , S. Oladele , A.A. Sekoni , I.I. Dafwang , I.A. Adeyinka , O.O. Oni and A. Abeke
  The effect of duration of cooking of Lablab purpureus beans on the performance, organ weight and haematological parameters of Shika-brown pullet chicks from 0-8 weeks was investigated. Eight dietary treatments of which seven in which Lablab purpureus beans cooked for 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 min) was included and a control (Corn-Soyacake-Groundnut-cake based diet) were formulated. These were replicated three times with 25 birds per replicate in a complete randomized design. The birds were managed under the deep litter system. Results obtained showed that cooking time had significant (p< 0.05) improvement on performance characteristics such as final weight, weight gain, feed conversion efficiency and percent mortality. Organ weights such as the liver, the heart and the pancreas decreased as the duration of cooking increased while haematological parameters such as the Total Protein (TP) the Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and the Haemoglobin (Hb) increased slightly, (although not significantly) in the blood up to about 30 min of cooking before decreasing as the duration of cooking continued to increase. These observations are indications that higher durations of cooking up to about 30 min render the nutrients in the raw lablab seeds more available for utilization by the birds.
  M. Kabir , O.O. Oni , G.N. Akpa and I.A. Adeyinka
  Data on body weight and shank length measurement of 361 birds from 5 hatches, one week apart were analysed to obtain heritability estimates for body weight and shank length at 20, 30 and 40 weeks of age, as well as to establish the genetic and phenotypic correlations between the traits. The mean values for body weight at various ages showed good performance of all birds. The heritability estimates observed for body weight and shank length decreases with increasing age of birds. This observation agreed with the reports of some workers and disagreed with the findings of others. Differences however, in heritability estimates could be attributed to differences in method of estimation, breed, environmental effects and sampling error due to small data or sample size. There were positively high genetic and phenotypic correlations between body weight and shank length at these ages. The coefficient of genetic correlation (rg) ranged between 0.582 and 0.645, while the coefficient of phenotypic correlation (rp) ranged between 0.613 and 0.816. High and positive genetic and phenotypic correlations between body weight and shank length suggest that it was possible to predict body weight of live Rhode Island chickens on the basis of their shank length measurement, as an aid to farmers in areas where sensitive weighing scales are not readily available.
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