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Articles by O.J. Akinjogunla
Total Records ( 2 ) for O.J. Akinjogunla
  O.J. Akinjogunla , C.U. Inyang and V.F. Akinjogunla
  The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bacterial species associated with smoked and fresh Bonga (Ethmalosa fimbriata) sold at two different markets in Uyo using standard microbiological techniques and their susceptibility to antibiotics (cephalosporins) using Disc Diffusion Technique (DDT). The results of the bacteriological status of both fresh and smoked Bonga fish showed variations in the total bacterial and total coliform counts in different anatomical parts (skins, gills and intestine). The highest total bacterial counts was recorded from gills (9.2x105 cfug-1) and lowest in skin (4.3x105 cfug-1) in fresh bonga fish, while the highest total bacterial counts was obtained in intestine (7.7x104 cfug-1) and lowest in skin (3.1x104 cfug-1) in smoked Bonga fish. The total coliform counts of the fresh Bonga fish ranged from 3.3x102 to 4.1x103, 3.6x102 to 3.1x103 and 4.3x102 to 7.5x103 in skins, intestines and gills, respectively. In smoked fish, the skin had the lowest total coliform counts (1.5x102), while the highest coliform counts was obtained in gills (3.5x103). The prevalence of the Streptococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Yersinia sp., Enterobacter sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus sp., Vibrio cholerae, Proteus sp., Shigella sp., Salmonella sp. and Campylobacter sp. isolated from both fresh and smoked fish samples varied depending on the anatomical parts. The results of antibiotic susceptibility showed that the bacteria isolated from both fresh and smoked fish were more sensitive to ceftazidime, cefoxitin and cefoperazone than cephalothin. However, both fresh and smoked Bonga fish could be carriers of pathogenic bacteria and a vehicle of transferring bacterial food borne infections and intoxication and cephalosporins may be the drugs of choice for the treatment.
  G.I. Olasehinde , D.O. Ojurongbe , O.J. Akinjogunla , L.O. Egwari and A.O. Adeyeba
  High transmission rate and drug resistance have been implicated in the spread and re-emergence of malaria in areas where the disease had been eradicated. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of falciparum malaria and pre-disposing factors to malaria among patients presenting with fever in selected State Hospitals in Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria. Four thousand and sixty six patients were recruited into this study. Scientific and Ethical clearance was obtained for this study. Blood samples were collected for malaria screening from the subjects. Structured questionnaires were administered to patients and parents of infants to determine the factors that could lead to the development of drug resistance by the parasite in the study population. Out of 4066 subjects screened during the study period, 61.1% were positive for falciparum malaria. Highest prevalence of 70.8% was recorded in children 1-5 years, also the group with highest parasitemia (1080). The study showed that 24.6% of the patient visited hospitals for treatment, 12% use local healers while 25.0% bought antimalarial drugs without prescription. Moreover, some subjects use more than one method in their management of malaria. Those who combined antimalarial drugs with traditional medicine from local healers were 17.4%. Only 18% of the sample population used insecticide treated mosquito nets, 42.3% used window and door nets, while 13% did not employ any mosquito preventive method. Uncontrolled use of drugs and exposure of parasites to the drugs should be monitored in areas where the parasite is still sensitive to the drug.
 
 
 
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