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Articles by O.J. Babayemi
Total Records ( 4 ) for O.J. Babayemi
  T.O.Bawala , A.O. Akinsoyinu , M.A. Arigbede and O.J. Babayemi
  The effect of varying dietary crude protein levels on the reproductive performance of pregnant goats of West African dwarf, WAD, breed was investigated. Fifteen does with average weight of 22 kg were utilized for the 22 wk study in a completely randomized design. The diets were formulated to be isocaloric (2.60 Mcal ME ) and contained 10, 13 and 16% CP representing diet A, B and C respectively with 5 replications having one doe per replicate, hence giving 5 does randomly allotted per treatment. The treatment effects were evaluated in terms of does bodyweight changes, blood parameters gestation length, litter size and weight. The results revealed that does fed 10%CP (A) had the smallest litter size, with no difference (p>0.05) in litter weight among the three dietary groups. Treatment affects on dry matter intake DMI and bodyweight BW changes were significant. (p<0.05). Animals on 10% CP diet had lowest values for DMI and BW changes than their counterparts on diets B and C respectively. Similarly, the haemoglobin Hb concentration, packed cell volume and plasma urea nitrogen PUN was lower (p<0.05) in does fed diet A (10% CP)than their counterparts on diet B(13% CP) and C(16%CP).The experiment therefore indicates that a 10% dietary protein level may not be sufficient to meet the protein need of pregnant WAD goats.
  B.O. Oduguwa , A.O. Jolaosho , O.J. Babayemi , A.B.J. Aina and I.F. Adu
  The feeding value of Malted Sorghum Sprout (MSP) was investigated with West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep by feeding MSP with Soybean Stover (SBS) at different ratios of 0:100 (i.e. sole SBS), 5:95, 10:90, 15:85 (which were mixture of MSP/SBS). Feed intake, weight gain, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization were monitored in 12 rams using a completely randomized design. The DM, OM and NDF intakes (g/kgW0.75/day) increased as the level of MSP inclusion increased. Crude protein intake (g/kgW0.75/day) was highest on 15% level of MSP inclusion (15.86) and the lowest value (p<0.05) was in sole SBS diet (10.13). The highest weight gain of 49.8 gd 1 was recorded for rams on 15% MSP supplementation while the least is from the sole SBS diet. Nitrogen balance (g/kg W0.75) and retention (%) were highest in 15% supplementation (0.30 and 63.71) and lowest in sole SBS diet (0.11 and 56.64). The digestibility of DM, CP, NDF also followed the same trend. The result indicate that feed intake, weight gain, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen utilization can be enhanced by feeding as low as 5% MSP in mixture with SBS to WAD sheep.
  O.J. Babayemi and M.A. Bamikole
  Ruminants in the tropics are slow growing, arising from low quality feed. The use of indigenous legume trees and Guinea grass is a good strategy for an improved livestock performance. The nutrient composition and secondary metabolites of differently year of established Tephrosia candida leaf were determined. The mixtures of Tephrosia candida leaf and Guinea grass as treatments A (100% Tephrosia + 0% Guinea grass), B (75% Tephrosia + 25 Guinea grass), C (50% Tephrosia + 50% Guinea grass), D (25% Tephrosia + 75% Guinea grass) and E (0% Tephrosia + 100% Guinea grass) were incubated for in vitro gas production for 24 hours. The total gas (ml/200 mg DM) at post incubation was measured. Methane (mmol/200 mg DM) was evaluated by introducing 10 M NaOH into the content. Metabolizable energy (MJ/Kg DM) and organic matter digestibility (%) were calculated. Results showed that the crude protein (g/100 g DM) ranged between 19.33 and 23.18 while neutral detergent fibre (g/100 g DM) ranged from 25 – 32. The Tephrosia forages contained condensed tannin and steroids. The inclusion levels of the legume apparently increased the total gas production (range 1 – 6), metabolizable energy (range 2.99 – 4.75), organic matter digestibility (range 21.46 – 33.80) and methane (29.30 – 234). It is concluded that Tephrosia candida forage may be a good combination with Guinea grass for livestock production but may be higher than 50% inclusion in order to minimize energy loss through methane.
  O.J. Babayemi , R.A. Hamzat , M.A. Bamikole , N.F. Anurudu and O.O.Olomola
  Nutrient composition and qualitative analysis of saponin, tannin and steroids were determined. In vitro gas production of the tea leaf (TL) and STL were carried out in 24 h incubation. Metabolizable energy (ME), organic matter digestibility (OMD) and short chain fatty acids (SCFA) were also predicted. NaOH (10 M) was introduced into the inoculums after 24 h, from which methane (CH4) production was measured. TL and STL had CP, CF, EE, ash and NDF 16.4 and 18.6%, 14 and 23%, 3.8 and 2.5%, 6.0 and 2.0%, 39.0 and 46.0% respectively. Qualitative evaluation of secondary metabolites showed the two stuffs contained condensed tannins and steroids. Saponin was found and enhanced methanogenesis in STL than TL. The cumulative gas produced at 24 h was 14 and 7 ml/200 mg DM for STL and TL respectively. The ME was similar but varied significantly (P < 0.05) in OMD, SCFA and CH4 productions. The result showed that spent tea leaf had potential to be used as protein and energy supplements for ruminants in the tropics.
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