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Articles by O.G. Ademowo
Total Records ( 2 ) for O.G. Ademowo
  O.A. Ogunbayo , R.A. Adisa , O.G. Ademowo and O.O. Olorunsogo
  The effect of single dose chloroquine treatment on enzymatic antioxidant profiles and lipid peroxidation in the blood of rabbits was investigated. Treatment of rabbits with 10 mg kg-1 (single dose) chloroquine resulted in increases of 53.6, 11.6 and 3.6% (p<0.05) in the activity of superoxide dismutase at 6, 12 and 24 h, respectively after drug administration while the activity of catalase was significantly reduced by 37.1, 15.5 and 2.9% (p<0.05) at the same intervals when compared with control. Malondialdehyde level increased (p<0.05) by 11.9 and 1.9% at 6 and 12 h, respectively, but decreased by 13.8% at 24 h relative to control. Reduced glutathione was decreased by 41.9, 38.7 and 3.2% at the same hourly intervals when compared with control (p<0.05). The findings in this study suggest that chloroquine treatment altered enzymatic antioxidant defense systems and elevated lipid peroxidation in the blood of rabbits with the most noticeable alteration observed 6 h after drug administration perhaps due to the peak plasma concentration of chloroquine which is usually reached between 3 and 5 h after drug administration. Oxidative stress is thus induced in the blood by chloroquine at least within 6 h of its administration.
  O.A. Osonuga , I.O. Osonuga , O.S. Akinsomisoye , Y. Raji and O.G. Ademowo
  Efforts in this study were directed at comparing changes in Packed Cell Volume (PCV) in the cause of treatment of severe malaria patients with artemether and quinine in Ikenne Local Government area of Ogun State, Southwest, Nigeria. Thirty two patients in the study were randomly assigned to receive either artemether or quinine under medical supervision. 16 patients were allocated into two treatment groups. Patients in the quinine group received quinine 10 mg kg-1 in 5% dextrose-saline infusion intravenously at 8 h intervals but changed to oral quinine ( 10 mg kg-1 b.w; 8 h intervals) for 7 days . The patients in the artemether group received 1.6 mg kg-1 artemether twice at day 0 and then 1.6 mg kg-1 daily for the next four days through deep intramuscular route. The patients were then followed up for 14 days. The results this study showed that the PCV of the patients was 25.9% (range of 14-41%) at day 0. The mean PCV of the patients was 26.25% and 25.56% following quinine and artemether treatments, respectively. The mean PCV at day 14 was 34.5 and 38.2%, respectively for quinine and artemether. The results from this study indicate that artemether relative to quinine has a faster and sustained recovery from malaria induced anaemia.
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