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Articles by Nouzar Nakhaee
Total Records ( 6 ) for Nouzar Nakhaee
  Seddiqe Amini-Ranjbar and Nouzar Nakhaee
  This study was aimed to describe the endoscopic picture and laboratory findings in children with chronic abdominal pain and to determine the utility of nodular gastritis in diagnosing HPI in these patients. This prospective study was done between November, 2004 and May, 2007. A total of 70 patients (36 male and 34 female) aged 3-14 years, underwent upper endoscopy. H-pylori infection was diagnosed when both urease test and histology were positive for the infection. Seventy percent (n = 49) of them were diagnosed to have endoscopic nodular gastritis. HPI was confirmed in 33 (47.1%) of 70 patients. The endoscopic antral nodularity had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 56.8%, positive predictive value of 67.3%, negative predictive value of 100% and a positive LR of 2.32 for diagnosis of HPI. It may be recommended that if nodular gastritis observed in a pediatric patient with chronic abdominal pain he/she should be investigated to exclude HPI otherwise no further work up is necessary to confirm HPI.
  Hassan Ziaaddini , Nouzar Nakhaee and Kolsoom Behzadi
  Earthquake and its consequences have become recognized as a growing health problem in recent years in developing countries. On 26 December, 2003 at 5.26 Am, the town of Bam in the south eastern part of Iran suffered an earthquake of 6.3 on the Richter scale, killing more than 26000 people. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence of PTSD and its correlates among high school students in Bam. This cross sectional survey was conducted 10 months after earthquake on all 466 high school students of Bam who remained in the City after the earthquake. Data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire. The prevalence of PTSD was 66.7%. About 70% of subjects showed some degree of depression. Girls and those who lost first degree relatives were more likely to suffer from PTSD. So these high risk individuals would need special attention and particular support.
  Naser Zangiabadi , Mohamad Naeim Ahrari and Nouzar Nakhaee
  Diabetes mellitus with the prevalence rate of 8.9-12.3% in human population, ultimately leads to the peripheral nervous system involvement in many patients. It causes various types of polyneuropathies, which may manifest abnormalities such as impaired nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and prolonged F-wave latency. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of omega-3 fatty acids on NCV and F-wave latency. This clinical trial was performed on diabetic patients referring to the Diabetes Center of Shahid Bahonar Hospital in Kerman/Iran. Subjects were randomly divided to Omega-3 and Control (no treatment) group. Patients in the case group received three capsules of omega-3 daily and for the duration of 12 weeks. NCV and F-wave latency were determined in all patients before and after the treatment period. The rate of alterations in these variables in the two groups was analyzed by using statistical tests. Controlling for baseline NCV and F- wave latency measures, follow up results showed no significant difference between the Omega-3 and the no-treatment group in accordance to somatic nerve measures. No significant difference in electrodiagnostic indices was found before and after Omega-3 administration. This result may be due to using the combination of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).Short term administration and lack of sufficient time for drug efficacy can be other probable reason. Further studies with the administration of pure forms of EPA or DHA and longer period of administration are suggested.
  Hassan Ziaaddini , Qasem Dastjerdi and Nouzar Nakhaee
  Few studies have examined the relationship between childhood maltreatment and substance use in later life considering household dysfunction variables especially in Eastern Mediterranean countries. The study was conducted to explore the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and substance misuse during later life in an Iranian sample. A case control study was conducted in Kerman, a city located in southern Iran in 2005. Cases were 200 men and women referred to outpatient clinics of the city seeking treatment for substance use disorder. Controls (n = 200) were selected from the general population. With emphasizing the confidentiality and obtaining oral consent the subjects were asked to fill out a questionnaire including demographic variables and 27 questions concerning all types of child abuse/neglect and household dysfunction. Using multivariate logistic regression the associations between baseline characteristics, childhood maltreatment and household dysfunction variables and substance use disorder were analyzed. The mean age of case group was 32.5±8.3 and in control group was 28±9.3 (p<0.01). Most of subjects in both groups were male. The prevalence of sexual abuse, household substance use and household criminality were higher in substance dependent patients comparing to control group. The highest odds of substance use disorder was associated with household substance abuse (OR: 2.50, 95% CI: 1.53-4.10) and sexual abuse was the only type of childhood maltreatment which showed significant association with substance use disorder in later life (OR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.03-2.92). The related factors uncovered by the study conduct us to early interventions among dysfunctional families to decrease the maladaptive lives and stressful household environments.
  Behshid Garrusi , Nouzar Nakhaee and Mahin Zangiabadi
  This study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of different kinds of domestic violence against women in an Iranian population and to explore their attitudes. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kerman, Iran. Three hundred ninety eight women referring to randomly selected health centers were interviewed in early 2005. The questionnaire explored the women`s views regarding domestic violence and their experiences of domestic violence during the year before interview. Ignoring women`s capabilities by their spouses (36.7%) was the most frequent type of violence. Roughly 27% of them were beaten by their husbands over preceding year. The respondents showed the least agreement with ‘violence toward wife ceases during pregnancy’. Although the findings may not be generalizable to other parts of the country due to cultural diversity, considering the high prevalence of different types of domestic violence it should be regarded as a priority for health service policy.
  Fateme Nasri , Dadkhoda Sadeghi , Ashraf Bamorovat , Eshrat Bamorovat and Nouzar Nakhaee
  The deputy of health affairs of Kerman province encountered a report of Tinea capitis outbreak in one of the southern towns of the province in winter 2006 of which stated 1294 cases of Tinea capitis among primary school children that 86% of them were boys. The epidemiological and environmental investigation was conducted through a case-control study. The outbreak investigation showed that the risk of infection was significantly higher among subjects with a lower socioeconomic status, poor personal hygiene and a positive personal history of Tinea capitis. Improvement of living condition, public attention to personal hygiene and active case finding would be effective in decreasing and preventing Tinea capitis.
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