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Articles by Nisar Ali Shah
Total Records ( 4 ) for Nisar Ali Shah
  S. Mohammad Khair , Nisar Ali Shah , Asif Azeem and Manzoor Ahmad Kasi
  This study was undertaken to determine the marketing margins for Kaja apple in two common marketing channels. These are: (1). Producer-Pre-harvest contractor-commission agent-Wholesaler-Retailer-Consumer, and (2). Producer-Commission agent-Wholesaler-Retailer-Consumer. The net marketing margins for Kaja apple are, 69 % when the produce is marketed through pre-harvest contractor and 57 %, When the growers perform self marketing. Farmer’s share in consumer’s price is, 31 and 43 % which indicates that the rest 69 and 57 % of consumer price is going to different marketing middlemen.
  Syed Mohammad Khair , Nisar Ali Shah , Shahjehan Khan , Manzoor Ahmed Kasi , S. Abdul Sattar and Abdul Razzaq
  The main focus of this study is to find out and compare the marketing margins for two apple varieties Shin Kulu (Golden Delicious),and Kaja (Red Delicious). The shares of apple producer and other intermediaries in consumer`s price for both the varieties and the comparison of their profit abilities to the farmers were also sorted out. The marketing channel common in the area is: producer - preharvest contractor - commission agent - wholesaler - retailer - consumer. It was observed that marketing margin for Shin Kulu was 7 % more than Kaja. The marketing margins were 76 and 69 % of consumer price for Shin Kulu and Kaja respectively. Farmer`s share in consumer`s price/rupee for Shin Kulu and Kaja was, 24 and 31%. It means that farmers got 7 % higher net margin in Kaja than Shin Kulu apple showing a considerable difference between their profit abilities.
  Nisar Ali Shah , Shahjahan Khan , Manzoor Ahmad Kasi and S. M. Khair
  The apple of the province is famous for its distant and quality. Where as the significant quantity of apple produced traded to other provinces mainly Punjab and Sindh. Balochistan is the largest province of the country but have the poorest communication and infrastructure development which results in higher post harvest storage and transportation losses. To increase the shelf-life and maintain the quality of perishable produce cool temperature can play an important role. In Balochistan there are two cold stores with the capacity of 700 tones. On an average in cold storage 17 percent damaged apples were found in a crate, the basic reason for this damage was uneven grading and tight package in wooden crates, as mostly the farmer put, the bold apples on top, while the immature and infected apples at the bottom. Out of these 12 percent were not consumed. Furthermore, in a wooden crates there is an additional cost on waste product of apple in the form of packing, transportation, labor, commission, storage, etc. During March 70% of apple were "Shin Kulu" and the rest were other varieties i.e. Tore kulu, Kashmiri, Mashadi, and Gaja. in Quetta market. The grade wise distribution of apple in a crate of 'Tor Kulu' were 10 and 4 kgs with price tag of Rs. 30/ and 16 for A and B grade. It accounts for almost 35 percent of apples produced in Balochistan. Almost, similar trend were reported in 'Shin Kulu' the apple texture is firm which gives it longer shelf life compared to other varieties. The grade wise distribution of apple in 'Shin Kulu’ were 8,5 and 2 kgs. with a price tag of Rs. 24, 12 and 8 for A, B and C grade within the crate, respectively. In other apple varieties i.e., 'Amri' and 'Mashadi' grade wise distribution were 5,7,3 and 7,5,1 kgs. Balochistan marketing channel constitute of producers, contractors, commission agents, ladanwala, whole salers and retailers.
  Nisar Ali Shah , Mohammad Afzal , Syed Mohammad Khair and M.R. Khan
  In Balochistan due to no rain and snow fall which was held responsible for increasing water table, affected Karezes and Tubewells so badly that most of the orchards became dried. The water table declined up to 7 meters annually, and it was not possible for farmers to meet the situation in time. The most of the orchards were either uprooted or replaced by vegetable growing. Data revealed that the plant mortality rate due to drought was higher in S.H.Balochistan i.e., 242.38 trees as compared to the N.H.Balochistan i.e., 240.98 trees. The overall losses of the major fruits was higher in N.H.Balochistan i.e., 54.39 % as to the S.H.Balochistan which was 39.76 %. Results indicated that Kareze and springs became dried as and when the water table become declined. The reduction in yield was estimated as 80% due to irrigation water shortage and 20 % due to high evaporation rate in terms of high temperature. From the survey it is evident that the drought during the year effected the yield and social life of the farmers.
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