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Articles by Nilgun Yapici
Total Records ( 2 ) for Nilgun Yapici
  Tulin Aksoy , Zubeyde Yurt , Gulen Ozdemir , D. Ilaslan Curek and Nilgun Yapici
  The aim of the study was to determine the extent of VP farming in the rural areas of the two provinces in Western Turkey and to analyze the relationships between VP farming and some socio-economic characteristics. Two different surveys were conducted in the countryside of Canakkale (S1) and Antalya (S2). Face to face interviews were carried out with a total of 122 (S1) and 224 (S2) women in the villages. As the sampling methods and questionnaires of the two surveys were partially different, the data relating to the provinces were not compared with each other statistically. The proportion of housewives with minimum 5 years education in S1 and S2 were 82.8 and 67.8%. Most of the families were engaged in subsistence agriculture. A considerable number of households are not involved in agricultural production any more; they only reside in the village. It was determined that 84.4 and 88.8% of the households were involved in VP in S1 and S2. Almost, all flock owners were women with men generally helping out whilst children had no role. Some evidence was found indicating that low income levels increase the proportion of VP farming. However, VP regarded as part of rural life, of the VP farmers, 84% of stated they would continue VP farming even if their income levels were higher. The proportion of those who were involved in VP among field crops producing farmers was higher (p<0.05) for both surveys. In S2, the occurrence of VP was higher in the following groups: larger households, having various sources of income and agricultural income, rearing non-poultry livestock and having higher land size (p<0.05, in all). The families who live like farmers in the village are more likely to be involved in VP.
  Tulin Aksoy , Dogan Narinc , Deniz Ilaslan Curek , Alper Onenc and Nilgun Yapici
  The aim of this research was to compare fast (Ross 308) and medium-growing (Hubbard ISA Red JA) broilers for growth performance and slaughter results under indoor conditions. In total 560 chicks from Fast (FG) and Medium-Growing (MG) genotypes were housed in 16 floor pens (12 chicks m-2). Feed and water were offered ad libitum and the lighting period was 18 h day-2 after the first week. All birds were fed with starter diet (21.9% CP, 3020 kcal ME kg-1) for the first 3 weeks and then grower diet (19.5% CP, 3127 kcal ME kg-1) was used. Death, body weight and feed consumption were recorded. Chickens were slaughtered at 56 days of age. Slaughter losses, carcass, giblets, abdominal fat and carcass parts weight were determined. Sensory characteristics of whole raw carcasses were evaluated by 5 panellists with a 7-point scale. Mortality rates were compared by the Mann Whitney-U test and the others with the t-test. FGs had higher body weight gain and feed consumption than MGs during the fattening period (p<0.001). Mortality of MGs (2.78%) and FGs (2.43%) were similar. MGs showed higher head, feet + shanks, offal, giblets and fat pad percent (p<0.05). Hot carcass yields were 75.7 and 72.8% for FG and MG (p<0.001). FGs took higher values for raw carcass sensory traits as conformation, subcutaneous fatness and surface colour (p<0.05). Breast and breast meat yield were higher in FGs, however MGs showed higher means for legs, wings, neck and back percent. Taking into account the performance and slaughter results, MGs are disadvantaged compared to FGs.
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