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Articles by Nihad Abdul-Lateef Ali
Total Records ( 2 ) for Nihad Abdul-Lateef Ali
  Aqeel Yousif Alshukri , Nihad Abdul-Lateef Ali , Rabia J. Abbas , Ali M. Alkassar and Yasser J. Jameel
  Background and Objective: The search for safe and natural alternatives to reduce over-dependence on the use of antibiotics as growth promoters has led to the evaluation of the effects of natural feed additives, such as plants (phytobiotic), to use in animal nutrition. Moringa oleifera leaf meal is a valuable alternative to promote growth and carcass yield in poultry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Moringa oleifera leaf as feed additive in terms of growth performance, feed consumption and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Methodology: The present study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with five dietary treatment groups (0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0% Moringa oleifera leaf meal) and three replicates per treatment (15 birds/pen). A total of 225 day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were included in the experiment for a 42-day period. The measured traits were body weight, body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight, dressing percentage, total edible parts and European production efficiency factor (EPEF indexes). Results: Significant improvements (p≤0.05) in final body weight, total body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, growth ratio, carcass weight, dressing percentage, total edible parts and EPEF indexes were noted, whereas feed intake was not significantly altered by Moringa oleifera leaf meal treatments compared with the control. Conclusion: A diet supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaf meal was the best natural feed additive for production enhancement and better carcass quality in broiler chicks.
  Nihad Abdul-Lateef Ali , Yasser Jameel and Rabia J. Abbas
  Background and Objectives: This study was undertaken to investigate serum biochemical constituents of broiler chickens after incorporating a prebiotic (SafMannan, from Plileo Co.) and a local Iraqi prebiotic as feed additives. Methodology: A total of 195 straight run day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to five experimental groups with 39 birds/group. Each group was subdivided into 3 replicates (13 birds/per replicate). The first group was fed a basal diet as a control group. The second and third groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with the SafMannan prebiotics at the level of 250 g t1 (Saf 250) and 500 g t1 (Saf 500), respectively. Meanwhile, the fourth and fifth groups were fed the basal diet supplemented with the local Iraqi prebiotics at the level of 250 g t1 (IQP 250) and 500 g t1 (IQP 500), respectively. Results: The results revealed a significant (p≤0.05) effect of SafMannan (Saf) and local Iraqi prebiotics (IQP) on the decrease in serum glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride concentration and aspartate transaminase (AST) enzyme activity in all dietary groups compared to the control. The group of Saf 250 and IQP 250 showed higher (p≤0.05) total protein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) levels. Conclusion: Supplementation of broiler chickens’ diets with 250 and 500 g t1 of SafMannan prebiotic and Iraqi prebiotics led to improve serum lipid profiles and serum protein parameters. SafMannan prebiotics performed best by influencing serum blood indices compared to local Iraqi prebiotics.
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