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Articles by Nicola Abate
Total Records ( 3 ) for Nicola Abate
  Nicola Abate , Alberico L. Catapano , Christie M. Ballantyne , Michael H. Davidson , Adam Polis , Steven S. Smugar and Andrew M. Tershakovec


Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and metabolic syndrome (MS) are at increased risk of developing coronary heart disease.


To compare the effects of ezetimibe/simvastatin (E/S) combination therapy, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin in patients with DM, MS without DM, or neither disease.


Subgroup analysis of data from two 6-week, randomized, double-blind trials comparing E/S 10/10, 10/20, 10/40, or 10/80 mg with either atorvastatin 10, 20, 40, or 80 mg (Study 1), or rosuvastatin 10, 20, or 40 mg (Study 2). Treatments were compared by pooling across all doses for effects on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), non-HDL-C, apolipoprotein B (ApoB), LDL-C:HDL-C, TC:HDL-C, and LDL-C goal attainment.


E/S provided greater improvements than atorvastatin or rosuvastatin in LDL-C, TC, HDL-C (vs atorvastatin only), non-HDL-C, LDL-C:HDL-C, TC:HDL-C, and ApoB in all disease subgroups. There were no interactions of treatment by disease subgroup for these parameters, indicating a consistent treatment difference favoring E/S effect across the disease subgroups. A greater percentage of patients receiving E/S than atorvastatin or rosuvastatin attained their individual National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III LDL-C goals, LDL-C <100 mg/dL, LDL-C <70 mg/dL, and non-HDL-C goals regardless of subgroup. All treatments were well-tolerated, with generally similar adverse experience rates.


Overall, E/S generally provided greater efficacy than either atorvastatin or rosuvastatin that was consistent across the subgroups of patients with DM, MS, or neither, in agreement with the results from the full study cohorts.

  Michael H. Davidson , Nicola Abate , Christie M. Ballantyne , Alberico L. Catapano , Xia Xu , Jianxin Lin , Elizabeth Rosenberg and Andrew M. Tershakovec


Recent evidence suggests that in addition to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo-B), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), some lipoprotein ratios, and C-reactive protein (CRP) are predictive of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. This post-hoc analysis of two trials comparing single-tablet ezetimibe/simvastatin (EZE/SIMVA) to atorvastatin (ATORVA) or rosuvastatin (ROSUVA) evaluates the proportion of patients attaining LDL-C <70 mg/dL and specific levels of these emerging risk factors.


These were double-blind, 6-week, parallel group trials of hypercholesterolemic patients randomized to milligram equivalent doses of ATORVA versus EZE 10 mg/SIMVA, or to usual starting, next higher, and maximum doses of ROSUVA versus EZE/SIMVA. This analysis examined the percent of patients in prespecified dose comparisons and overall achievement of LDL-C <70 mg/dL and/or Apo-B <90 mg/dL, total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C <4.0, or Apo-B/Apo-A-I <0.7 among all treated patients, non-HDL-C <100 mg/dL among patients with baseline triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL, or CRP <2.0 mg/L among patients with baseline CRP ≥2.0 mg/L.


Within each trial, baseline characteristics were similar among groups. At all dose comparisons, significantly more patients receiving EZE/SIMVA reached LDL-C <70 mg/dL and achieved both LDL-C <70 mg/dL and either Apo-B <90 mg/dL, TC/HDL-C <4.0, or Apo-B/Apo-A-I <0.7 (EZE/SIMVA versus ATORVA) compared to ATORVA and ROSUVA. For most dose comparisons, significantly more patients receiving EZE/SIMVA attained both LDL-C <70 mg/dL and either non-HDL-C <100 mg/dL or CRP <2 mg/L compared to ATORVA or ROSUVA.


The greater efficacy related to changes in blood lipids of EZE/SIMVA compared with both ATORVA and ROSUVA extends to changes in many emerging risk factors. Ultimate clinical implications of these findings still need to be defined.

  Harold E. Bays , Peter P. Toth , Penny M. Kris-Etherton , Nicola Abate , Louis J. Aronne , W. Virgil Brown , J. Michael Gonzalez-Campoy , Steven R. Jones , Rekha Kumar , Ralph La Forge and Varman T. Samuel
  The term “fat” may refer to lipids as well as the cells and tissue that store lipid (ie, adipocytes and adipose tissue). “Lipid” is derived from “lipos,” which refers to animal fat or vegetable oil. Adiposity refers to body fat and is derived from “adipo,” referring to fat. Adipocytes and adipose tissue store the greatest amount of body lipids, including triglycerides and free cholesterol. Adipocytes and adipose tissue are active from an endocrine and immune standpoint. Adipocyte hypertrophy and excessive adipose tissue accumulation can promote pathogenic adipocyte and adipose tissue effects (adiposopathy), resulting in abnormal levels of circulating lipids, with dyslipidemia being a major atherosclerotic coronary heart disease risk factor. It is therefore incumbent upon lipidologists to be among the most knowledgeable in the understanding of the relationship between excessive body fat and dyslipidemia. On September 16, 2012, the National Lipid Association held a Consensus Conference with the goal of better defining the effect of adiposity on lipoproteins, how the pathos of excessive body fat (adiposopathy) contributes to dyslipidemia, and how therapies such as appropriate nutrition, increased physical activity, weight-management drugs, and bariatric surgery might be expected to impact dyslipidemia. It is hoped that the information derived from these proceedings will promote a greater appreciation among clinicians of the impact of excess adiposity and its treatment on dyslipidemia and prompt more research on the effects of interventions for improving dyslipidemia and reducing cardiovascular disease risk in overweight and obese patients.
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