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Articles by Nessrine Hanna
Total Records ( 2 ) for Nessrine Hanna
  Suzan McNamara , Hongling Wang , Nessrine Hanna and Wilson H. Miller Jr.
  Interactions between retinoic acid (RA) receptor α (RARα) and coregulators play a key role in coordinating gene transcription and myeloid differentiation. In patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), the RARα gene is fused with the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) gene via the t(15;17) translocation, resulting in the expression of a PML/RARα fusion protein. Here, we report that topoisomerase II beta (TopoIIβ) associates with and negatively modulates RARα transcriptional activity and that increased levels of and association with TopoIIβ cause resistance to RA in APL cell lines. Knockdown of TopoIIβ was able to overcome resistance by permitting RA-induced differentiation and increased RA gene expression. Overexpression of TopoIIβ in clones from an RA-sensitive cell line conferred resistance by a reduction in RA-induced expression of target genes and differentiation. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicated that TopoIIβ is bound to an RA response element and that inhibition of TopoIIβ causes hyperacetylation of histone 3 at lysine 9 and activation of transcription. Our results identify a novel mechanism of resistance in APL and provide further insight to the role of TopoIIβ in gene regulation and differentiation.
  Filippa Pettersson , Nessrine Hanna , Marina Lagodich , Daphne Dupere-Richer , Marie-Claude Couture , Catherine Choi and Wilson H. Miller
  The steroid and xenobiotic receptor SXR (human pregnane X receptor) is a nuclear receptor that plays a key role in the body`s detoxification response by regulating genes involved in drug metabolism and transport. SXR ligands include a wide range of compounds, which induce transcription of SXR target genes via activation of a heterodimeric transcription factor consisting of SXR and the related nuclear receptor retinoid X receptor (RXR). We investigated the effect of RXR-selective ligands, rexinoids, on SXR/RXR activity. In agreement with previous reports, we found that rexinoids are weak activators of SXR, but we also found that they can antagonize SXR activation by the potent SXR agonist rifampicin. This antagonism included suppression of rifampicin-induced expression of SXR target genes, as well as reduced binding of SXR/RXR to SXR response elements both in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, two rexinoids, bexarotene (LGD1069/Targretin®) and LG100268, caused a rapid and sustained decrease in the protein levels of both SXR and RXR. The decrease in SXR level was due to an enhanced rate of protein degradation and was dependent on calpain activity, as opposed to rexinoid-induced RXR degradation, which is mediated via the proteasome. Thus, we have demonstrated a novel, rexinoid-modulated mechanism regulating SXR protein stability, which may explain why rexinoids are only weak activators of SXR/RXR-mediated transcription, despite reports that they bind to SXR with high affinity. We suggest that the ability of rexinoids to induce degradation of both SXR and RXR, in combination with competition for binding to SXR, can also explain why rexinoids antagonize the activation of SXR by drugs like rifampicin.
 
 
 
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