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Articles by N.J. Okeudo
Total Records ( 3 ) for N.J. Okeudo
  O.K. Chukwuka , I.C. Okoli , N.J. Okeudo , A.B.I. Udedibie , I.P. Ogbuewu , N.O. Aladi , O.O.M. Iheshiulor and A.A. Omede
  Poultry egg is a vehicle for reproduction; it also serves as a source of food for human consumption. The size and shape of avian eggs differs among the various species of birds, but all eggs have three main parts-yolk, albumen and shell. The quality of eggs depends on physical make up and chemical composition of its constituent parts. Due to the diversity in the potential uses of poultry eggs and the subsequent consumer demands that egg quality become extremely difficult to define. Egg quality is the more important price contributing factor in table and hatching eggs. It is obvious that quality of egg is important from producer’s point of view. One of the biggest challenges for the poultry industry is to provide consistent quality egg products to the consumer. Thus breeding companies are shifting selection emphasis to improved egg quality. Problems associated with egg quality include: egg shell defect and internal defects which can be broadly categorized into three groups namely: defects affecting yolk quality, defects affecting albumin quality and defects affecting overall quality. Egg quality defects are usually easily resolved, but can be costly if they are not dealt with quickly.
  N.O. Aladi , N.J. Okeudo , I.C. Okoli and E.C. Akanno
  A comparative study of different reproductive parameters of Large White (LW) and Nigerian Indigenous (NI) pigs was carried out using 9 NI (1 boar and 8 gilts) and 7 LW (2 boars and 5 gilts). Their progenies comprising 20 LW (10 boars and 10 gilts), 22 NI (12 males and 10 females) and 9 LWxNI crossbred pigs (3 males and 6 females) were used to compare the hematological attributes at 9, 17 and 25 weeks of age. The three breeds were managed in a similar fashion. It was observed that heat was virtually silent among the NI gilts and intra breed sexual congresses were more effective than the interbreed congresses. The LW pigs had significantly higher (p<0.05) birth weight than the NI pigs (1.3 kg versus 0.8 kg) and had longer gestation period (116.0 days versus 111.7 days) but litter sizes were similar. No significant age or breed differences were found in haematological parameters (p>0.05) and the values were within the normal ranges generally accepted as reference values for healthy pigs.
  N.J. Okeudo , N.O. Aladi , I.C. Okoli and E.C. Akanno
  The growth and carcass characteristics of Large White (LW), Nigerian Indigenous (NI) and their F1 crossbred (LWxNI) pigs were compared across various ages. A total of 51 pigs were used in the study, which comprised 22 NI (12 boars and 10 gilts), 20 LW (10 boars and 10 gilts) and 9 LWxNI crossbred pigs (3 boars and 6 gilts). The three breeds were managed in a similar fashion and slaughtered at 34 weeks of age. There were significant differences (p<0.01) in live weight, Average Daily Gain (ADG), Average Daily Feed Intake (ADFI) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) among the NI, LW and LWxNI (F1) crossbred pigs. At 10 weeks of age, LW boars had significantly higher ADG (125.7 g day-1 versus 78.3 g day-1) and consumed more feed (326.2 g day-1 versus 146.8 g day-1) than the NI boars. Differences in FCR between the NI and LW boars were significant at 25 weeks of age (p<0.05). At similar live weights, LW pigs were significantly (p<0.01) younger and had higher in ADG, ADF1 and FCR values than the other breeds. The carcass of NI male pigs yielded significantly (p<0.05) higher percent lean (53.3% versus 40.0%), higher four lean cuts (57.7% versus 55.0%), higher percent shoulder (20.1% versus 17.6%) but lower dressing percentage (64.6% versus 69.2%) than in the LW male pigs. It is therefore concluded that whereas the NI pigs grew poorly when compared to the LW counterparts, they possess some superior carcass characteristics.
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