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Articles by N. Barro
Total Records ( 4 ) for N. Barro
  C. Zongo , A. Savadogo , L. Ouattara , I.H.N. Bassole , C.A.T. Ouattara , A.S. Ouattara , N. Barro , J. Koudou and A.S. Traore
  The main goal of this study was to determine the phenol content, the antimicrobial and the antioxidant activities of acetone and water extracts from the rhizomes of Ampelocissus grantii (Baker) Planch (Vitaceae). The polyphenol content of extracts was determined colorimetrically using Folin-Ciocalteu method. The antioxidant activity of the same extracts was also screened using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method. The antimicrobial activity was performed by disc diffusion and broth microdilution assays against 9 reference bacterial strains including gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and 1 fungal strain. The acetone extract exhibited the higher level of Total Polyphenol Contents (TPC) which correlated with strong antioxidant activity (IC50 = 10.87 μg mL-1 and AAI = 5.6) and antimicrobial activity. The polyphenol content of the acetone extract was 124.26 gallic acid equivalent/100 g (GAE/100 g), that of water extract was 74.25 GAE/100 g. The largest diameter of inhibition zone (DIZ) (15 mm) and the lowest Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) value (0.625 mg mL-1) were recorded with Enterococcus faecalis 10907 CIP and Bacillus subtilus ATCC 21332. This study is a scientific base on the use of this plant in traditional health cure system.
  R.D.S. Longue , A. Galzi-Pinel , I. Zinga , S. Semballa , D. Fargette , N. Barro and O. Traore
  Background: Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) of the genus Sobemovirus is the most important viral disease of rice in Africa, mainly occurring in the lowland and irrigated ecologies. Materials and Methods: The coat protein gene of forty six isolates of RYMV collected between 2011 and 2014 in Central African Republic was amplified and sequenced. Results: Analysis of sequences revealed that the average nucleotide diversity among isolates was low, 2.0% in nucleotide and 0.9% in amino acid. The ratio of non-synonymous over synonymous nucleotide substitutions per site was 0.07, indicating a virus diversification under a high conservative selective pressure. All isolates shared the amino acids specific of the serotype Ser1, a Val115 involved in the response with monoclonal A and a Thr115 which accounts for the lack of reaction with monoclonal D. Phylogenetic analyses showed that isolates of the south of Central African Republic belong to two sister monophyletic groups related to the S1ca strain, a strain which gathers all isolates from the East of West Africa to the West of Central Africa. Molecular clock dating of the age of each of the two groups and of their common ancestor suggests that RYMV was introduced a few decades ago in Central African Republic from the West of Central Africa. Conclusion: RYMV remained at a low level and undetected in wild hosts and in traditional rice fields until recently. RYMV emergence occurred less than ten years ago, likely favored by the on-going rice intensification and resulted in the current epidemics. This is the first study of the molecular diversity of RYMV in Central African Republic. It indicates that the isolates of the South of the country belonged to the S1 strain.
  L. Ouattara , J. Koudou , C. Zongo , N. Barro , A. Savadogo , I.H.N. Bassole , A.S. Ouattara and Alfred S. Traore
  The main goal of this study was to determine the phenol content, the antibacterial and the antioxidant activities of the three species of Lannea largely use in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of hydro alcoholic extract (70%V/V ethanol/distilled water) from the barks of Lannea acida, Lannea microcarpa and Lannea velutina (Anacardiaceae) were determined by the method of Folin Ciocalteu and AlCl3 by spectrophotometry. These extracts were tested for their antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Antioxidant activity was determined by the method of DPPH and compared with quercetin. Antibacterial activity was performed by disk diffusion and broth microdilution essays against nine reference bacterial strains including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. L.acida exhibited the highest total phenolic contents (40.55±0.26 g GAE/100 g) which correlated with better antioxidant activity (IC50 = 345.72±7.76 μg mL-1). Furthermore the highest content of total flavonoids (11.02±0.04 g QE/100 g) and the largest anti bacterial spectrum (7.82 μg mL-1≤MIC≤ 62.5 μg mL-1) were recorded with L.velutina. These results show that the barks of L. acida and L.velutina could be used respectively as a potential natural antioxidant and antibacterial agent.
  I.J.O. Bonkoungou , N. Barro , I. Sanou , L. Toe , M.S. Sanfo , R. Ouedraogo-Traore and A.S. Traore
  The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection and characterized group A rotavirus in stool by immunochromatographic test and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Then 150 specimens of stools were collected from patient children between December 2006 and April 2007 and analyzed. The antigenic detection of rotaviruses carry out by immunochromatographic has revealed the presence of group A rotavirus antigen in 21 (14%), adenovirus were also found in 8 (5.33%) and a co-infection rota-adenovirus in 2 (1.33%) of the 150 stool samples tested. Infants were most frequently affected, 15 (71, 43%) of the 21 children rotavirus-positive, were infants ≤ 1 year of age. Based on migration patterns of RNA segments of 21 rotavirus isolates, two distinct groups of electropherotypes of group A rotaviruses were identified: 7 (36.84%) isolates were Long (L) and 12 (63.15%) were Short (S) electrophoretypes but any co-infection by both was identified. This first study in the Burkina-Faso has shown the main genomic patterns of rotavirus. There is a need for further detailed studies on the molecular characterization of rotavirus which would have important implications in vaccine evaluation programs.
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