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Articles by N. Annamalai
Total Records ( 2 ) for N. Annamalai
  The effect of amylase on growth performance, survival rate and proximate composition of Perinereis cultrifera was investigated. The amylase produced by Bacillus sp. was added to polychaete basal diets at three concentrations such as 50, 100 and 150 mg kg−1 in experiments I, II and III, respectively. After 90 days, polychaete receiving the diets supplemented with enzymes at 150 mg kg−1 showed significantly better growth performance and survival rate than those fed the basal diet (Control). Among these experimental animals, the maximum protein, lipid, carbohydrate and ash contents were recorded in experiment III, whereas moisture content was maximum in control and minimum in experiment III. The essential fatty acids such as palmitic acid (C16:0), margaric acid (C17:0), stearic acid (C18:0) and arachidonic acid (C20:4ω-6) occurred at higher concentration in experiment group than in control. Thus, the amylase produced by Bacillus sp. significantly influenced growth, survival rate and proximate composition of P. cultrifera which has importance in aquaculture industry.
  N. Annamalai , R. Anburaj , S. Jayalakshmi and R. Thavasi
  In the present study water, ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane and butanol extracts of two Bivalves, Perna viridis and Crassostrea madrasensis were screened for antibacterial activity. The extracts were obtained from whole body tissue of the animals and tested against 10 different pathogenic bacteria viz., Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, K. pneumoniae, Lactobacillus vulgaris, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphi, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio sp. Ethanol extract of P. viridis showed maximum antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus. Ethanol extract of C. madrasensis exhibited highest activity against S. aureus. Water extract of P. viridis and C. madrasensis showed highest activity against E. coli and P. mirabilis, respectively. The 10:10 (methanol: ethanol) fractionated extracts of P. viridis shows highest activity against P. mirabilis (8 mm), 14:6, 4:16 and 2:18 fractions showed prominent activity against P. aeruginosa, E.coli and K. pneumoniae. In C. madrasensis also 10:10 fraction showed highest activity E. coli, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. The 18:2, 12:8 and 2:18 fractionated extracts of C. madrasensis exhibits effective activity against S. aureus, S. typhi and E. coli. Water, ethanol and methanol extracts showed antibacterial activity against all most all the bacteria tested. Compare to water extracts, ethanol and methanol extracts showed more activity against all pathogens.
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