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Articles by N Tsuboi
Total Records ( 2 ) for N Tsuboi
  J Hirahashi , K Hishikawa , S Kaname , N Tsuboi , Y Wang , D. I Simon , G Stavrakis , T Shimosawa , L Xiao , Y Nagahama , K Suzuki , T Fujita and T. N. Mayadas
 

Background— Inflammation and thrombosis coexist in several disorders. Although it is recognized that leukocytes may induce a procoagulant state at sites of inflammation, the critical molecular determinants of this process remain largely unknown.

Methods and Results— To examine mechanisms of inflammation-induced thrombosis, we developed a murine model of thrombotic glomerulonephritis (TGN), a known cause of acute renal failure in patients. This model, induced by lipopolysaccharide and antibody to the glomerular basement membrane, led to rapid glomerular neutrophil recruitment, thrombotic glomerular lesions with endothelial cell injury, and renal dysfunction. In mice immunodepleted of neutrophils or lacking the leukocyte-specific integrin Mac-1, neutrophil recruitment, endothelial injury, glomerular thrombosis, and acute renal failure were markedly attenuated despite the robust generation of renal cytokines. Neutrophil elastase is a likely effector of Mac-1 because its activity was reduced in Mac-1–deficient mice and the phenotype in mice deficient in Mac-1 or neutrophil elastase was similar. Platelets accumulated in glomerular capillaries within 4 hours of TGN before evidence of thrombosis. Platelet immunodepletion before TGN markedly exacerbated hematuria (hemorrhage), inflammation, and injury, whereas thrombocytopenic Mac-1–deficient mice remained resistant to disease, indicating that initial glomerular platelet deposition protects the vessel wall from neutrophil-mediated sequelae. The subsequent thrombosis relied on the interaction of Mac-1 on recruited neutrophils with glycoprotein Ib on platelets as antibody-mediated disruption of this interaction attenuated TGN without affecting renal neutrophil accumulation.

Conclusions— These observations establish Mac-1 on neutrophils as a critical molecular link between inflammation and thrombosis and suggest it as an attractive target for antithrombotic therapy.

  N Tsuboi , T Kawamura , K Koike , H Okonogi , K Hirano , A Hamaguchi , Y Miyazaki , M Ogura , K Joh , Y Utsunomiya and T. Hosoya
 

Background and objectives: An early histopathologic predictor of the renal prognosis, before the occurrence of advanced glomerular sclerosis/interstitial fibrosis and/or apparent renal dysfunction, remains to be established in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). This study aimed to determine whether the glomerular density (GD; nonsclerotic glomerular number per renal cortical area) of biopsy specimens obtained at an early stage of IgAN could predict the long-term renal outcome.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: The predictive value of the factors at biopsy, including the GD, on the renal outcome was retrospectively analyzed for 98 patients who had IgAN with an estimated GFR of ≥60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at biopsy (87 ml/min per 1.73 m2 on average).

Results: The individual value of GD in biopsy ranged from 1.2 to 8.1/mm2 (i.e., approximately a seven-fold variation), and the GD showed a close inverse correlation with mean glomerular volume. Among the various clinicopathologic factors involved, both a cellular/fibrocellular crescent and the GD were found to be significant predictors of progression in multivariate analyses. A low GD in the biopsy specimens was frequently associated with a steeper slope of the renal function and a synergistically enhanced risk for progression with the presence of cellular/fibrocellular crescent. The renal function, proteinuria, degrees of glomerulosclerosis, and interstitial fibrosis at biopsy were not independent predictors of the prognosis in these patients.

Conclusions: A strong predictive relationship of low GD with progression observed in this study suggests that GD may serve as an early histopathologic marker of long-term renal prognosis in IgAN.

 
 
 
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