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Articles by N Shikama
Total Records ( 2 ) for N Shikama
  K Koiwai , N Shikama , S Sasaki , A Shinoda and M. Kadoya
  Objective

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for dysphagia induced by chemoradiotherapy for head and neck cancers.

Methods

Forty-seven patients with head and neck cancers who underwent definitive chemoradiotherapy from December 1998 to March 2006 were reviewed retrospectively. Median age was 63 years (range, 16–81). The locations of the primary lesion were as follows: larynx in 18 patients, oropharynx in 11, nasopharynx in 7, hypopharynx in 7 and others in 4. Clinical stages were as follows: Stage II in 20 and Stages III–IV in 27. Almost all patients underwent platinum-based concomitant chemoradiotherapy. The median cumulative dose of cisplatin was 100 mg/m2 (range, 80–300) and median radiation dose was 70 Gy (range, 50–70).

Results

Severe dysphagia (Grade 3–4) was observed in 22 patients (47%) as an acute toxic event. One patient required tube feeding even at 12-month follow-up. In univariate analysis, clinical stage (III–IV) (P = 0.017), primary site (oro-hypopharynx) (P = 0.041) and radiation portal size (>11 cm) (P < 0.001) were found to be associated with severe dysphagia. In multivariate analysis, only radiation portal size was found to have a significant relationship with severe dysphagia (P = 0.048).

Conclusions

Larger radiation portal field was associated with severe dysphagia induced by chemoradiotherapy.

  T Toita , M Oguchi , T Ohno , S Kato , Y Niibe , T Kodaira , T Kazumoto , M Kataoka , N Shikama , M Kenjo , T Teshima and Y. Kagami
  Objective

To assess compliance with the radiotherapy protocol of a multi-institutional prospective study (JAROG0401/JROSG04-2), which investigated the efficacy and toxicity of definitive radiotherapy using high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-ICBT) for early-stage uterine cervical cancer patients.

Methods

Individual case reviews (ICRs) were performed on all 60 study participants. Radiotherapy data were submitted to the quality assurance (QA) committee, which performed ICRs on 16 QA items according to previously selected criteria. The items focused on quality of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), HDR-ICBT and both. Each item was determined to be either acceptable or a deviation. The QA committee performed ICR three times as planned, two during the patient accrual and the final one just after the final patient accrued. The QA results of the first and second reviews were reported back to the investigators after each ICR.

Results

In 40 cases (67%), all 16 QA items were classified as acceptable. One deviation was found in 16 cases, two deviations were identified in 3 cases and three deviations were noted in 1 case. The most frequently observed deviation was missing the rules for determining point A (10 cases). The items described by quantitative values, such as prescribed doses, certain time intervals and overall treatment time, were well followed. The proportion of deviations gradually decreased during the ICR process.

Conclusions

The present ICR demonstrated the favorable radiotherapy compliance with the JAROG0401/JROSG04-2 protocol. The QA process using ICRs can potentially be used to improve the quality of radiotherapy, including HDR-ICBT in the multi-institutional prospective studies for cervical cancer.

 
 
 
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