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Articles by N Sawada
Total Records ( 2 ) for N Sawada
  S Sasazuki , M Inoue , N Sawada , M Iwasaki , T Shimazu , T Yamaji , S Tsugane and for the Japan Public Health Center Based Prospective Study Group
 

Gastric carcinogenesis may be under the combined influence of factors related to the host, Helicobacter pylori bacterial virulence and the environment. One possible host-related factor is the inflammatory or immune response. To clarify this point, we investigated the association between plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) and the subsequent risk of gastric cancer in a population-based nested case–control study. Subjects were observed from 1990 to 2004. Among 36 745 subjects who answered the baseline questionnaire and provided blood samples, 494 gastric cancer cases were identified and matched to 494 controls for our analysis. The overall distribution of CRP and SAA was not apparently associated with the development of gastric cancer. However, a statistically significant increased risk was observed when subjects were categorized dichotomously. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the development of gastric cancer for the CRP-positive group (CRP > 0.18 mg/dl) compared with the CRP-negative group was 1.90 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19–3.02, P = 0.007]. The OR for the SAA-positive group (SAA > 8 µg/ml) compared with the SAA-negative group was 1.93 (95% CI: 1.22–3.07, P = 0.005). In conclusion, our results suggest that those who react strongly to inflammation or who have a high host immune response, as reflected by extremely elevated plasma levels of CRP and SAA, are at a high risk to develop gastric cancer.

  S Kikuchi , T Ninomiya , H Tatsumi , N Sawada and T. Kojima
 

Autotypic tight junctions are formed by tight junction–like structures in three regions of myelinating Schwann cells, the paranodal loops, Schmidt–Lanterman incisures, and outer/inner mesaxons, and various tight junction molecules, including claudin-19 and junctional adhesion molecule (JAM)-C. Our findings demonstrate the identification and subcellular distribution of a novel tricellular tight junction protein, tricellulin (TRIC), in the autotypic tight junctions of mouse myelinating Schwann cells, compared with the autotypic adherens junction protein E-cadherin and the autotypic tight junction protein JAM-C, which are expressed in the paranodal loops, Schmidt–Lanterman incisures, and mesaxons. In real-time RT-PCR, the expression level of TRIC mRNA was about 10-fold higher in the sciatic nerve than in the spinal cord or cerebrum. In immunostaining, TRIC signals were completely restricted to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) and strongly concentrated at the paranodal loops, Schmidt–Lanterman incisures, and mesaxons of myelinating Schwann cells. In addition, TRIC was expressed in the thin region of the paranode and there was a gap between TRIC and the Na+ channel. Furthermore, TRIC was more distally located from the node than E-cadherin and was colocalized with JAM-C. It is possible that TRIC may be a component to maintain the integrity for PNS myelin function and morphology. This manuscript contains online supplemental material at http://www.jhc.org. Please visit this article online to view these materials. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:1067–1073, 2010)

 
 
 
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