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Articles by N Klopp
Total Records ( 3 ) for N Klopp
  B Frank , M Hoffmeister , N Klopp , T Illig , J Chang Claude and H. Brenner
 

RecQ helicase family members are involved in multiple DNA repair pathways, protecting the genome from incorrect recombination during mitosis and maintaining its stability. Deficiencies in genes encoding the RecQ helicases WRN and BLM lead to rare autosomal recessive diseases, Werner and Bloom syndromes, which have been implicated in early onset of aging, and predisposition to various types of cancer. We investigated associations of WRN, BLM and BLM-associated protein (BLAP75/RMI1) gene polymorphisms and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), genotyping WRN V114I (rs2230009), WRN L1074F (rs2725362), WRN C1367R (rs1346044), RMI1 S455N (rs1982151) and BLM P868L (rs11852361). A large population-based case–control study, including 1795 CRC cases and 1805 controls, found no evidence for an association between the selected allelic variants in DNA repair-related genes and CRC risk. However, we detected a significant association of BLM P868L with an increased rectal cancer risk (odds ratio = 1.29, 95% confidence interval 1.02–1.64 and P = 0.04), suggesting a potential cancer-site specificity. This is the first study to analyze the associations between polymorphisms in WRN, BLM and RMI1 and CRC risk. Although none of them showed a significant association with CRC, the association of BLM P868L with rectal cancer risk requires further investigation.

  B Frank , M Hoffmeister , N Klopp , T Illig , J Chang Claude and H. Brenner
 

It is well known that ~90% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases originate from the constitutive activation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. There is increasing evidence that genetic variation both in Wnt and apoptotic pathway genes affects CRC susceptibility and progression. This population-based case–control study, including 1795 CRC cases and 1805 controls, investigates the association between common, putative functional polymorphisms in DNFA5, HIF1A, NDRG1, PYGO1, SFRP2, SFRP4, WISP1 and WISP3 genes and CRC risk. We found no evidence for an association between the selected allelic variants and risk of CRC. Subsite analyses, however, revealed a significant association of HIF1A c.*191T>C with rectal cancer risk [odds ratio (OR) = 1.25, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03–1.51, P = 0.03] comparing minor allele carriers with major allele homozygotes. In addition, homozygosity for the minor allele of SFRP4 P320T was significantly associated with rectal cancer risk (OR = 1.37, 95% CI, 1.06–1.79, P = 0.02) and early-stage CRC (OR = 1.33, 95% CI, 1.05–1.69, P = 0.02). This study does not support the hypothesis that Wnt signaling- and apoptosis-related polymorphisms contribute to CRC risk. However, our results provide evidence that CRC subsets may be affected. If confirmed, this knowledge may be used to assess individual susceptibility and to target potential measures of cancer prevention.

  E Org , S Eyheramendy , P Juhanson , C Gieger , P Lichtner , N Klopp , G Veldre , A Doring , M Viigimaa , S Sober , K Tomberg , G Eckstein , Kelgo KORA , T Rebane , S Shaw Hawkins , P Howard , A Onipinla , R. J Dobson , S. J Newhouse , M Brown , A Dominiczak , J Connell , N Samani , M Farrall , Caulfield BRIGHT , P. B Munroe , T Illig , H. E Wichmann , T Meitinger and M. Laan
 

Hypertension is a complex disease that affects a large proportion of adult population. Although approximately half of the inter-individual variance in blood pressure (BP) level is heritable, identification of genes responsible for its regulation has remained challenging. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a novel approach to search for genetic variants contributing to complex diseases. We conducted GWAS for three BP traits [systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP); hypertension (HYP)] in the Kooperative Gesundheitsforschung in der Region Augsburg (KORA) S3 cohort (n = 1644) recruited from general population in Southern Germany. GWAS with 395 912 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified an association between BP traits and a common variant rs11646213 (T/A) upstream of the CDH13 gene at 16q23.3. The initial associations with HYP and DBP were confirmed in two other European population-based cohorts: KORA S4 (Germans) and HYPEST (Estonians). The associations between rs11646213 and three BP traits were replicated in combined analyses (dominant model: DBP, P = 5.55 x 10–5, effect –1.40 mmHg; SBP, P = 0.007, effect –1.56 mmHg; HYP, P = 5.30 x 10–8, OR = 0.67). Carriers of the minor allele A had a decreased risk of hypertension. A non-significant trend for association was also detected with severe family based hypertension in the BRIGHT sample (British). The novel susceptibility locus, CDH13, encodes for an adhesion glycoprotein T-cadherin, a regulator of vascular wall remodeling and angiogenesis. Its function is compatible with the BP biology and may improve the understanding of the pathogenesis of hypertension.

 
 
 
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