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Articles by N Kawamura
Total Records ( 2 ) for N Kawamura
  K Takimoto , N Kawamura and T. Kasama

Previously, we histochemically examined the kidney of the MCC strain of mastomys (Praomys coucha) and found the storage of gangliosides. In the present studies, the lipid-bound sialic acid content of gangliosides in the MCC kidney was about 9- to 14-fold higher than that of the control (MWC strain). In the MCC kidney, sialic acids of male gangliosides were composed of N-acetylneuraminic acid at 91.5%; sialic acids of female gangliosides, however, were composed almost entirely of N-glycolylneuraminic acid. TLC of gangliosides showed that the MCC kidney contained four abundant gangliosides (two gangliosides each in males and females). These gangliosides isolated by HPLC were identified to be GM2(NeuAc) and fucosyl GM1(NeuAc) in the male MCC kidney and GM2(NeuGc) and fucosyl GM1(NeuGc) in the female MCC kidney by secondary ion mass spectrometry, TLC/immunostaining and TLC after enzyme treatments. Although the MCC kidney contained control levels of the activities of β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, -l-fucosidase, N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase and fucosyltransferase, the activity of β-galactosidase in the MCC kidney was increased to 400–500% of that in the MWC kidney. Therefore, we discussed the possibility that in the MCC kidney, GM2 was abundantly produced by the effect of increased β-galactosidase activity.

  Y Minegishi , M Saito , M Nagasawa , H Takada , T Hara , S Tsuchiya , K Agematsu , M Yamada , N Kawamura , T Ariga , I Tsuge and H. Karasuyama

Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by atopic manifestations and susceptibility to infections with extracellular pathogens, typically Staphylococcus aureus, which preferentially affect the skin and lung. Previous studies reported the defective differentiation of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in HIES patients caused by hypomorphic STAT3 mutations. However, the apparent contradiction between the systemic Th17 deficiency and the skin/lung-restricted susceptibility to staphylococcal infections remains puzzling. We present a possible molecular explanation for this enigmatic contradiction. HIES T cells showed impaired production of Th17 cytokines but normal production of classical proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1β. Normal human keratinocytes and bronchial epithelial cells were deeply dependent on the synergistic action of Th17 cytokines and classical proinflammatory cytokines for their production of antistaphylococcal factors, including neutrophil-recruiting chemokines and antimicrobial peptides. In contrast, other cell types were efficiently stimulated with the classical proinflammatory cytokines alone to produce such factors. Accordingly, keratinocytes and bronchial epithelial cells, unlike other cell types, failed to produce antistaphylococcal factors in response to HIES T cell–derived cytokines. These results appear to explain, at least in part, why HIES patients suffer from recurrent staphylococcal infections confined to the skin and lung in contrast to more systemic infections in neutrophil-deficient patients.

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