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Articles by N Kanamoto
Total Records ( 3 ) for N Kanamoto
  H Iwakura , H Ariyasu , Y Li , N Kanamoto , M Bando , G Yamada , H Hosoda , K Hosoda , A Shimatsu , K Nakao , K Kangawa and T. Akamizu
 

Ghrelin is a stomach-derived peptide that has growth hormone-stimulating and orexigenic activities. Although there have been several reports of ghrelinoma cases, only a few cases have elevated circulating ghrelin levels, hampering the investigation of pathophysiological features of ghrelinoma and chronic effects of ghrelin excess. Furthermore, standard transgenic technique has resulted in desacyl ghrelin production only because of the limited tissue expression of ghrelin O-acyltransferase, which mediates acylation of ghrelin. Accordingly, we attempted to create ghrelin promoter SV40 T-antigen transgenic (GP-Tag Tg) mice, in which ghrelin-producing cells continued to proliferate and finally developed into ghrelinoma. Adult GP-Tag Tg mice showed elevated plasma ghrelin levels with preserved physiological regulation. Adult GP-Tag Tg mice with increased plasma ghrelin levels exhibited elevated IGF-I levels despite poor nutrition. Although basal growth hormone levels were not changed, those after growth hormone-releasing hormone injection tended to be higher. These results indicate that chronic elevation of ghrelin activates GH-IGF-I axis. In addition, GP-Tag Tg mice demonstrated glucose intolerance. Insulin secretion by glucose tolerance tests was significantly attenuated in GP-Tag Tg, whereas insulin sensitivity determined by insulin tolerance tests was preserved, indicating that chronic elevation of ghrelin suppresses insulin secretion and leads to glucose intorelance. Thus, we successfully generated a Tg model of ghrelinoma, which is a good tool to investigate chronic effects of ghrelin excess. Moreover, their characteristic features could be a hint on ghrelinoma.

  A Yasoda , H Kitamura , T Fujii , E Kondo , N Murao , M Miura , N Kanamoto , Y Komatsu , H Arai and K. Nakao
 

Skeletal dysplasias are a group of genetic disorders characterized by severe impairment of bone growth. Various forms of them add to produce a significant morbidity and mortality, yet no efficient drug therapy has been developed to date. We previously demonstrated that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), a member of the natriuretic peptide family, is a potent stimulator of endochondral bone growth. Furthermore, we exhibited that targeted overexpression of a CNP transgene in the growth plate rescued the impaired bone growth observed in a mouse model of achondroplasia (Ach), the most frequent form of human skeletal dysplasias, leading us to propose that CNP may prove to be an effective treatment for this disorder. In the present study, to elucidate whether or not the systemic administration of CNP is a novel drug therapy for skeletal dysplasias, we have investigated the effects of plasma CNP on impaired bone growth in Ach mice that specifically overexpress CNP in the liver under the control of human serum amyloid P component promoter or in those treated with a continuous CNP infusion system. Our results demonstrated that increased plasma CNP from the liver or by iv administration of synthetic CNP-22 rescued the impaired bone growth phenotype of Ach mice without significant adverse effects. These results indicate that treatment with systemic CNP is a potential therapeutic strategy for skeletal dysplasias, including Ach, in humans.

  H Hosogi , S Nagayama , N Kanamoto , A Yoshizawa , T Suzuki , K Nakao and Y. Sakai
 

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients develop various extracolonic lesions, among which functional adrenocortical neoplasms are infrequent. A 44-year-old woman was hospitalized because of pseudo-Meigs' syndrome, caused by bilateral ovarian metastases from an advanced ascending colon cancer due to FAP of intermediate type. Furthermore, bilateral adrenocortical adenomas were detected, and functional analyses showed a hormonal secretion pattern consistent with Cushing's syndrome. She underwent a right hemicolectomy with extirpation of bilateral ovaries. At 10 months post-operative with no detectable metastatic lesions, the residual colorectum and the larger, left adrenal gland were resected, and the hormonal hypersecretion was normalized. Direct sequencing of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene revealed a nonsense germline mutation at codon 1577 and an additional nonsense somatic mutation at codon 554 in cancer tissues. Biallelic APC inactivation due to loss of the normal allele was evident in the adrenocortical adenoma. There were no hypermethylated CpG islands detected in APC promoter regions. Immunostaining for β-catenin revealed diffuse cytoplasmic expression in resected tissues including adrenocortical adenoma. Biallelic APC inactivation may play a role in developing cortisol-secreting adrenocortical adenoma in FAP patients. It is noteworthy that biallelic APC inactivation was caused in different ways in different tumors from the same individual.

 
 
 
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