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Articles by N Inagaki
Total Records ( 2 ) for N Inagaki
  T Arimura , N Inagaki , T Hayashi , D Shichi , A Sato , K Hinohara , M Vatta , J. A Towbin , T Chikamori , A Yamashina and A. Kimura

Z-band alternatively spliced PDZ-motif protein (ZASP)/Cypher is a Z-disc component of which several dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)-associated mutations have been reported. Most of the mutations were found in exons 4 and 10 of ZASP/Cypher gene LDB3 and both exons were expressed preferentially in the heart. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional alteration of ZASP/Cypher caused by the DCM-associated mutations.

Methods and results

The yeast-two-hybrid method was used to identify the protein bound to a domain encoded by exon 4 of LDB3. Interaction of ZASP/Cypher with the binding protein was investigated in relation to the functional alterations caused by LDB3 mutations. Localization of the ZASP/Cypher-binding protein was examined at the cellular level in rat cardiomyocytes. Phosphoglucomutase 1 (PGM1), a metabolic enzyme involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, was identified as a protein interacting with ZASP/Cypher. PGM1 bound to ZASP/Cypher at the domains encoded by exons 4 and 10. Two LDB3 mutations in exon 4 (Ser189Leu and Thr206Ile) and another mutation in exon 10 (Ile345Met) reduced the binding to PGM1. PGM1 showed diffuse localization in the cytoplasm of rat cardiomyocytes under standard culture conditions, and distribution at the Z-discs was observed under stressed culture conditions. Binding of endogenous PGM1 and ZASP/Cypher was found to be enhanced by stress in rat cardiomyocytes.


ZASP/Cypher anchors PGM1 to Z-disc under conditions of stress. The impaired binding of PGM1 to ZASP/Cypher might be involved in the pathogenesis of DCM.

  S. K Park , L Amos , A Rao , M. W Quasney , Y Matsumura , N Inagaki and M. K. Dahmer

Mutations in the gene coding for ATP-binding cassette protein A3 (ABCA3) are recognized as a genetic cause of lung disease of varying severity. Characterization of a number of mutant ABCA3 proteins has demonstrated that the mutations generally affect intracellular localization or the ability of the protein to hydrolyze ATP. A novel heterozygous mutation that results in the substitution of cysteine for arginine at amino acid 295 in ABCA3 was identified in a premature infant with chronic respiratory insufficiency and abnormal lamellar bodies. Sequencing of DNA performed in study participants demonstrated that this was a mutation and not a common variant. Plasmid vectors containing ABCA3 with the identified novel mutation tagged with green fluorescent protein on the carboxy terminus were generated. The effect of the mutation on protein function was characterized by examining the glycosylation state of the mutant protein in transiently transfected HEK293 cells and by examining ATP hydrolysis activity of the mutant protein with a vanadate-induced nucleotide trapping assay in stably transfected HEK293 cells. The ABCA3 protein containing the R295C mutation undergoes normal glycosylation and intracellular localization but has dramatically reduced ATP hydrolysis activity (12% of wild type). The identification of one copy of this novel mutation in a premature infant with chronic respiratory insufficiency suggests that ABCA3 haploinsufficiency together with lung prematurity may result in more severe, or more prolonged, respiratory failure.

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