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Articles by N Fujishima
Total Records ( 1 ) for N Fujishima
  M Miura , N Takahashi , M Nara , N Fujishima , H Kagaya , Y Kameoka , H Saitoh , H Tagawa and K. Sawada

A steady-state trough plasma itraconazole concentration greater than 500 ng/mL is a therapeutic target for itraconazole. A simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-based method was developed for quantitation of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole in human plasma.


Itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole were separated using a mobile phase of 0.5% KH2PO4 (pH 6.0)-acetonitrile (30:70, v/v) on a CAPCELLPAK C18 MGII column at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min and ultraviolet absorbance at 260 nm.


The analysis required 200 µL of plasma and involved a rapid, simple solid-phase extraction with an Oasis HLB cartridge, which resulted in recoveries of 87–92% for itraconazole and 91–94% for hydroxyitraconazole. The lower limit of quantification for itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole was 5 ng/mL each. Intra- and interday coefficients of variation for itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole were less than 11.3% and 12.2%, respectively, and accuracies were within 11.7% and 4.5% over the linear range, respectively. Although the steady-state plasma concentrations of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole ranged from 506 to 2482 ng/mL and from 766 to 2444 ng/mL, respectively, after a two-day loading dose of 400 mg/day intravenous itraconazole followed by the administration of 200 mg/day itraconazole oral solution, calibration curves of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole showed positive linearity in a concentration range of 5–2500 and 50–2500 ng/mL, respectively.


Our results indicate that this method is applicable for the monitoring of plasma levels of itraconazole and hydroxyitraconazole in a clinical setting. Furthermore, the regimen presented here might also be effective in preventing infection, but further studies with large sample sizes are necessary to investigate this avenue.

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