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Articles by Muzaffer Denli
Total Records ( 3 ) for Muzaffer Denli
  Muzaffer Denli , Kemal Celik and Ferda Okan
  A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of the antioxidant vitamin A, for reducing aflatoxicosis in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) from hatch to 35 d of age. Sixty Japanese quail chicks were randomly divided into four groups, three treatments and one control. Control group was fed a basal diet while the treatment diets were supplemented with vitamin A (15,000 IU/kg feed), vitamin A (15,000 IU/kg) + low level of aflatoxin B1 (100 μg/kg) or aflatoxin B1 (100 μg/kg). The liver was swollen and a bright yellow color; microscopically fatty metamorphosis, necrotic areas and infiltration of polymorphonuclears were observed in aflatoxin B1 group and was not seen in any other groups. Compared to control, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) reduced body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion rate (FCR) by 9.3 and 7.6 % respectively. The addition of 15,000 IU/kg of vitamin A without aflatoxin B1 improved quail growth performance. Dietary vitamin A had affect on BWG and feed consumption (P<0.05) and reduced the toxic effects of AFB1, addition resulted less toxicity in the liver and kidney than AFB1 group. FC was found significantly important during third and fourth weeks in vitamin A and AFB1 added group (P<0.05) FCR was also better than AFB1 group. The concentration of liver function enzymes serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) increased when AFB1 was added to the diet, whereas the supplementation of the diet Vitamin A partially decreased this negative effects. These results demonstrate that vitamin A plays a complex role in the process of chemical aflatoxicosis and when added at 15.000 IU/kg in the diet can provide protection against the harmful effects of AFB1 for experimental period in Japanese quail.
  Kemal CELIK , Muzaffer DENLI and Orhan Ozturkcan
  Ninety days old commercial broilers (Ross PM-3) were used in a completely randomized design to study the effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and flavomycin on growth performance of broiler chicks. Three treatments (30 replicates) utilized were (1) control, (2) Saccharomyces cerevisiae and (3) flavomycin. A significant increase in gain of birds was observed in birds fed Saccharomyces cerevisiae group in 5 th and flavomycin group on 28 th and 35 th days (P<0.05). Feed consumption of broilers during the 14 days of experiment was not different among treatments. A considerable increase in feed consumption in the treated chicks was recorded in 21st and 37th days of the experiment in flavomycin group. A similar result was found on 28 th day of the experiment in control group. Birds receiving 0.2 % Saccharomyces cerevisiae consumed significantly much more feed during 5th week of experiment. Body weight of broilers at 37 days age were better with flavomycin, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and control groups respectively (P<0.05).
  Muzaffer Denli , Ferda Okan and Kemal Celik
  The specific aim of this study was to determine the effects of the supplementation of separate probiotic (protexin), including organic acid combination, plant extracts, mineral salts (genex) and antibiotic (flavomycin) to broiler diets on performance, abdominal fat weight, abdominal fat percentage, liver weight, intestinal weight, intestinal length, intestinal pH, carcass weight, carcass yield of broiler chicks. In this study, 84 one-day old male broiler chicks were used and divided equally into 6 groups. When the control group was fed a diet without supplemented diet probiotic (0.1% protexin), organic acid (0.2% genex), probiotic + organic acid (0.1% protexin + 0.2% genex), antibiotic (0.15% flavomycin) and antibiotic + organic acid (0.15% flavomycin +0.2% genex) were added to the diets of the experimental groups respectively. The experimental period was 42 days. The results obtained in the experiment showed that the group receiving 0.15% flavomycin + 0.2% genex supplemented in the basal diet was exhibited higher body weight gain, feed intake and carcass weight and better feed efficiency respectively than the control and other groups (P<0.05). However liver weight, intestinal pH, and abdominal fat weight were not affected significantly by probiotic, antibiotic and organic acid treatments (P>0.05).
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