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Articles by Mustafa
Total Records ( 3 ) for Mustafa
  Al-Ankari , Abdul-Rahman , El-Demerdash , Mohsen , Al- Ramadan and Mustafa
  Swollen head syndrome (SHS) in broiler chickens in Al-Ahsa region-Saudi Arabia had been reported between 1998 and 1999. Clinical, bacteriological and pathological investigations were carried out. Pneumovirus antibodies were detected and pathogenic E. coli strains were isolated from most of infected birds. Approximately, 37, 30 and 9% of the total cases were recorded during March, April and May, respectively. Such incidence was occurred as a result of sharp reduction in relative humidity (RH%) and increase of the temperature (T) in the climate. It could be concluded that incidence of SHS in broiler chickens reared in open system houses was enhanced by substantial changes in RH% and T.
  The specific objective of this study is to find or develop new models that can improve the efficiency of solar water heater. The research conducted using the experimental method to compare the water temperature result of double-plate solar water heater and double-wave solar water heater. We investigate the cover glass number intake flow rate and initial heating the intake working fluid that can improve the efficiency of both models. The results are: the best efficiency of the solar water heater uses triple-layer glass cover, if it compared to the double layers and single layer cover glass number; the efficiency of solar water heaters increases linearly to the intake water flow rate; initial heating the intake working fluid step by step causes the efficiency of solar water heater close to zero. Generally, the performance of double-wave absorber solar water heater is better than double-plate absorber solar water heater.
  Anwar Daud , Anwar Mallongi , B. Agus Bintara , Mustafa and Maming
  Background and Objective: Diseases Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) is a disease caused by particulate matter (PM10) and housing conditions are bad/poor in urban. This study objectives to determine the relationship between the levels of particulate matter (PM10) of home air quality and the incidence of the acute respiratory infection in the community living in the working area of Dahlia Health Center, Makassar city. Methodology: The study type used the case control study design and the samples were chosen using the Purposive Stratified Random Sampling technique. The total samples comprised 195 respondents. The data about the physical condition of the houses were collected using the measurement (case 65 and control 130 or 1:2), while other variables were collected through observation and interviews using questionnaires. Results: The study results obtained using the chi square test indicated that the variables which had a significant relationship with the Incidence of the acute respiratory infection of the respondents living in the study area of Dahlia Health Center were PM10 in the houses (p<0.000), BMI (p<0.020), ventilation (p<0.031), while the variables which did not have a relationship were the temperature (p>0.216), humidity (p>0.360) and smoking in house (p>0.712). It is calculated that odd’s ratio with 95% confidence interval using logistic regression model were PM10 and acute respiratory infection (OR: 29.177, 95% CI: 3.172-268.341, p<0.003, age OR: 0.127, 95% CI: 0.015-1.096, p>0.061. Conclusion: Particulate matter (PM10) in the home meet the requirements of health and change the behavior of blocking the vents to increase the flow of fresh air from outside into the house.
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