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Articles by Mukadasi Buyinza
Total Records ( 10 ) for Mukadasi Buyinza
  Adrine Kirabo , Patrick Byakagaba , Mukadasi Buyinza and Justine Namaalwa
  Land is increasingly becoming a source of conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study focused on investigating local people’s perception on the causes of land conflicts and effectiveness of land conflict management strategies currently being implemented in Kasese district western Uganda. We further explored local people’s perception on the potential of Agroforestry in preventing land conflicts. Pre-tested questionnaires were administered to eighty randomly selected respondents. Key informants in local communities and district administration were also interviewed. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to compare perceptions of the respondents. Land scarcity was the most mentioned cause of land conflicts followed by population increase, grazing of cattle in crop fields and poor land use, respectively. Perception on causes of land conflicts did not vary with socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the respondents apart from nature of occupation. Protection by police was the most effective measure currently being implemented to mitigate land conflicts. Most respondents had faith in agroforestry preventing land conflicts, however their perceptions varied with sex, origin, marital status, ownership of land and occupation. Land conflict in Kasese district is a result of land scarcity and the current mitigation measures are effective although not feasible in the long run. Agroforestry has a great potential in reducing land conflicts arising from poor boundary, scarcity of grazing land and land degradation which are among the main causes of land conflict in the area.
  Adrine Kirabo , Patrick Byakagaba , Mukadasi Buyinza and Justine Namaalwa
  Land is increasingly becoming a source of conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study focused on investigating local people’s perception on the causes of land conflicts and effectiveness of land conflict management strategies currently being implemented in Kasese district western Uganda. We further explored local people’s perception on the potential of Agroforestry in preventing land conflicts. Pre-tested questionnaires were administered to 80 randomly selected respondents. Key informants in local communities and district administration were also interviewed. Descriptive statistics and χ2-tests were used to compare perceptions of the respondents. Land scarcity was the most mentioned cause of land conflicts followed by population increase, grazing of cattle in crop fields and poor land use, respectively. Perception on causes of land conflicts did not vary with socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the respondents apart from nature of occupation. Protection by police was the most effective measure currently being implemented to mitigate land conflicts. Most respondents had faith in agroforestry preventing land conflicts however, their perceptions varied with sex, origin, marital status, ownership of land and occupation. Land conflict in Kasese district is a result of land scarcity and the current mitigation measures are effective although, not feasible in the long run. Agroforestry has a great potential in reducing land conflicts arising from poor boundary, scarcity of grazing land and land degradation which are among the main causes of land conflict in the area.
  Charles A. Otieno , Rapheal A. Kapiyo , Boniface O. Oindo and Mukadasi Buyinza
  The competitiveness of multiparty political dispensation in the developing world has led well placed politicians to dish out open access natural resources in exchange for votes. This therefore has brewed conflict between the legislative and executive arms of government in the management of natural resources in these countries including Uganda. A total of 344 households, 76 local politicians inclusive and 31 environment conservationists with interest at South Busoga Central Forest Reserve (SBCFR), Mayuge district studied showed that; there was a high/strong relationship between the politicians’ interference with enforcement of Forestry Policy at SBCFR at r = 0.74 at a 0.05 level of significance; the politicians from the communities engulfing SBCFR did not maximally endeavour to either protect or make strategies which could conserve the forest reserve in their proximity hence, the immense non-compliance with the Forestry Policy manifested by illegalities in SBCFR, Mayuge district and there was a conflict between NFA and politicians over management of SBCFR. It was therefore recommended that a positive political will was necessary so as to avert truncation of government regulatory mechanism with a prevalence of the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, incase of any misnomers.
  Muhammod Nabalegwa and Mukadasi Buyinza
  This study attempts to increase public awareness between environment and development and involve all concerned in an effort to check pollution caused by petroleum exploration. In order to make a good research, few hypotheses were formulated. Gas flaring has undoubtedly played a role in the degeneration of the environment. Plants and animals do not benefit from petroleum exploration due to spills and there is loss of petroleum nutrients, diminution of cultivable lands and low economic development despite petroleum exploration. The sample area consists of those communities in the Albertine rift where major petroleum activities take place. These are Hoima, Masindi and Arua. The data are collected through the use of questionnaire and such are analyzed using frequencies and percentages. From the data analysis, findings were made and conclusions drawn.
  Frank Mugagga and Mukadasi Buyinza
  Property rights have been noted to increasingly play a central role in the use, management of natural resources and land resources form the main asset for the derivation of livelihoods by most rural communities. This study examines the implications of land tenure on soil conservation on the slopes of Mt Elgon, Eastern Uganda. Primary data were obtained through household interviews with key informants and field observations conducted in Tsekululu Sub County, Bubulo County, Manafwa District, Eastern Uganda between September and December 2012. The sampled parishes were stratified according to their distance from the park boundary. SPSS (16) was used to compute descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages. Check dams and gulley controls were the most common structural measures adopted by farmers in all the three sites although, overall the level of adoption within park-adjacent communities was lower compared to the further away sites. The reluctance to invest in long term conservation techniques by park adjacent communities emanates from the separation of ownership from cultivation of the land while the high adoption rate by distant communities is attributed to the transferability, alienability, exclusivity and enforceability rights that secure private land. It can thus be concluded that land tenure and insecurity variables are very important determinants to soil conservation. Thus, a policy environment that guarantees the security of land occupancy by park adjacent farmers could help in generating the right incentives for investing in soil conservation thereby, improving both farm productivity and land quality while protecting the remaining forest from encroachment in search of fertile agricultural lands. Success thereof will be achieved if the politicians, park authorities and local communities jointly participate in their design and implementation.
  Mukadasi Buyinza and Asiya Naagula
  Soil erosion is a major agricultural and environmental problem in the highlands of Southwest Uganda. Agroforestry technologies have been developed as one way of solving the problem. Understanding the factors that influence farmers’ adoption of agroforestry technologies is critical to the success of implementing land conservation efforts. However, information about the socio-economic factors that influence the adoption of these technologies is still scanty. A study was conducted in Muko and Bubare sub-county, Kabale district between November 2002 and July 2003, to investigate the socio-economic factors that influence the adoption of agroforestry technologies and land conservation strategies in the highlands of South Western Uganda. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data from 60 households selected using a systematic purposive sampling procedure. Based on the logistic regression analysis, the factors that influence the adoption of agroforestry technologies are: farmer’s age, education level, extension contact, size of family laborforce and gender of the household head. Sources of income, access to credit and membership to farmer organization had non-significant coefficients and therefore, did not explain adoption decisions. Furthermore, farmers have adopted different structural measures such as terraced farming, construction of waterways, check dams, retention walls and gull control. Similarly, they have adopted biological measures including alley cropping, bamboo plantation in gullies, mulching and use of organic and inorganic fertilizers to control land degradation.
  Mukadasi Buyinza and J. Titita Acobo
  A study to investigate the effectiveness of eco-tourism in achieving the goal of environmental conservation and improved community livelihoods was conducted from January to May 2007 in Busingiro eco-tourism site, South Western part of Budongo Forest Reserve. Questionnaires and direct interviews were administered to 60 households and 10 key informants from the parishes of Biiso, Kihungia, Nyantonzi and Nyabyeya. The results show that the majority of the respondents are aware and benefit from the eco-tourism activities at Busingiro eco-tourism site. The benefits are in form of employment opportunities, local tourist guidance, income generation from handcraft and entertainment industry and social corporate financial support to rural development programes. The local community (82%) indicated that the sensitisation process in promoting eco-tourism in Budongo forest reserve has been effective and has reduced the incidences of illegal activities in the forest reserve. The findings of this study have revealed that there is an urgent need to increase local people participation in eco-tourism projects by emphasising education in hotel, tour operation and management skills and provision of training in artisan industry. Private sector investment in eco-tourism should be encouraged to operate with concessions from the government of Uganda.
  Mukadasi Buyinza
  Forest resources are one of the most overexploited natural resources in Uganda. In order to protect forest resources from such overexploitation, collaborative forest management approach has been adopted by the National Forestry Authority with emphasis on local community involvement. This study examined the level of net economic benefit received from forest produce and it to investigate whether there was a positive effect in poverty reduction. The study further attempted to examine the effects of poverty on the environmental integrity through CFM progrmme in two parishes of Ulukusi and Mutshet, surrounding Mt. Elgon National Park. Using non-parametric statistics, the local community livelihood index was examined on a sample size of 120 respondents. A Cost-Benefit Analysis was applied to estimate the distribution impact and poverty reduction impact. The findings of this study revealed that there was a significant change in livelihood as well as forest conservation status. The income distribution impact analysis showed that the poor people benefited substantially from the collaborative forest management program. The Poverty Index Ratio (0.95) suggest a positive indication of poverty reduction impact. It was found that the involvement of rural poor could be a process of poverty-environment interaction. The collaborative forest management approach is useful to increase the interaction between rural poor and resource management towards environmental sustainability.
  Muhammod Nabalegwa and Mukadasi Buyinza
  This study attempts to increase public awareness between environment and development and involve all concerned in an effort to check pollution caused by petroleum exploration. In order to make a good research, few hypotheses were formulated. Gas flaring has undoubtedly played a role in the degeneration of the environment. Plants and animals do not benefit from petroleum exploration due to spills and there is loss of petroleum nutrients, diminution of cultivable lands and low economic development despite petroleum exploration. The sample area consists of those communities in the Albertine rift where major petroleum activities take place. These are Hoima, Masindi and Arua. The data are collected through the use of questionnaire and such are analyzed using frequencies and percentages. From the data analysis, findings were made and conclusions drawn.
  Mukadasi Buyinza
  This study examines the effect of soil conservation practices and household characteristics to poverty levels among the farming community in southeastern Uganda. Using random sampling method, 120 respondents from the districts of Kamuli, Iganga and Jinja were selected and interviewed. The Logistic regression results reveals that settlement in Jinja district and being educated significantly reduced poverty while household size increased it (p<0.05). Increasing the number of fertile land areas under fallow significantly reduces probability of being poor (p<0.01). Farmers that use crop rotation, vegetative cover crops and organic manure have significantly lower probability of being poor compared to those using zero tillage (p<0.05). Adoption of improved soil conservation practices will assist farmers to increase agricultural outputs and reduce their poverty levels while fertilizers should be made available at affordable prices. Site-specific research to address soil-related constraints and socio-economic and political issues is needed to enhance and sustain production.
 
 
 
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